sphygmomanometer


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sphygmomanometer

 [sfig″mo-mah-nom´ĕ-ter]
an instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure.
Sphygmomanometer. From Lammon et al., 1995.

sphyg·mo·ma·nom·e·ter

(sfig'mō-mă-nom'ĕ-tĕr),
An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure consisting of an inflatable cuff, inflating bulb, and a gauge showing the blood pressure.
Synonym(s): sphygmometer
[sphygmo- + G. manos, thin, scanty, + metron, measure]

sphygmomanometer

(sfĭg′mō-mə-nŏm′ĭ-tər) also

sphygmometer

(sfĭg-mŏm′ĭ-tər)
n.
An instrument for measuring blood pressure in the arteries, especially one consisting of a pressure gauge and a nylon or rubber cuff that wraps around the upper arm and inflates to constrict the arteries.

sphyg′mo·man′o·met′ric (-măn′ə-mĕt′rĭk) adj.
sphyg′mo·man′o·met′ri·cal·ly adv.
sphyg′mo·ma·nom′e·try n.

sphygmomanometer

Blood pressure cuff Cardiology A device used to measure arterial BP, which consists of an inflatable cuff, usually with a Velcro closure, a rubber inflating bulb, and a gauge to measure systolic and diastolic pressures. See Hypertension, Small cuff syndrome, White coat HTN.

sphyg·mo·ma·nom·e·ter

(sfig'mō-mă-nom'ĕ-tĕr)
An instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure indirectly, consisting of an inflatable cuff, inflating bulb, and a gauge showing the blood pressure.
Synonym(s): sphygmometer.
[G. sphygmos, pulsation, + manos, sparse, + metron, measure]

sphygmomanometer

(sfig?mo-man-om'et-er) [? + manos, thin, + metron, measure]
Enlarge picture
SPHYGMOMANOMETER
An instrument for determining arterial blood pressure indirectly. The two types are aneroid and mercury. See: illustration; blood pressure

random-zero sphygmomanometer

A sphygmomanometer that allows the blood pressure to be taken without the observer's knowing where zero pressure is on the device. After the pressure is obtained, the mercury comes to rest at a point. The observed pressure is then corrected by subtracting the at-rest value on the device from the pressure obtained. Although this device was developed to prevent subjective bias in determining blood pressure, it is not necessarily effective in achieving this goal.

sphygmomanometer

A mercury manometer or aneroid instrument used to measure blood pressure. See KOROTKOFF SOUNDS.

sphygmomanometer

an instrument for measuring blood pressure.

Sphygmomanometer

An instrument used to measure blood pressure.
Mentioned in: Hypertension

sphygmomanometer 

An instrument for measuring the arterial blood pressure. There are various types, the most common consisting of an inflatable cuff that is placed around the upper arm (usually the left) and air pressure within the cuff is balanced against the pressure of the blood in the brachial artery. The pressure is estimated by means of a mercury or an aneroid manometer. A stethoscope is normally used in conjunction with the instrument to listen to the blood pressure sounds (a stethoscope is not needed with an electronic sphygmomanometer). Normal systolic and diastolic blood pressures in a young adult are about 120/80, respectively. The difference between the two pressures is called the pulse pressure. Blood pressure varies with age, gender, altitude, disease, stress, fear, excitement, exercise, etc. A normal range for systolic pressure is usually considered to be 100-140 mmHg and for diastolic pressure below 90 mmHg. See arteriosclerosis; hypertension; hypertensive retinopathy.

sphyg·mo·ma·nom·e·ter

(sfig'mō-mă-nom'ĕ-tĕr)
Dental instrument for measuring arterial blood pressure consisting of an inflatable cuff, inflating bulb, and a gauge showing the blood pressure.
[G. sphygmos, pulsation, + manos, sparse, + metron, measure]
References in periodicals archive ?
The source of the mercury was an antique sphygmomanometer that was placed in the day care center as an educational toy.
During the planning and execution of this study, it was reported in updated guidelines that the mercury-filled column sphygmomanometer is the gold standard for measurement of blood pressure.
This presentation is exceptional; in a patient of Morphea, the initial wrong diagnosis of hypertension was based on mere metric data of a classic sphygmomanometer. Unfortunately, the cardiologist relied on measuring the blood pressure only from the right brachial artery.
A comparative study of an ambulatory blood pressure measuring device and a wrist blood pressure monitor with a position sensor versus a mercury sphygmomanometer. Europian journal of internal medicine 2007mar;18(2):118-23.
Geoffrey Kaye and his colleagues addressed the problem in their textbook, Anaesthetic Methods: "More usually the information is collected by means of a stethoscope strapped over the brachial artery at the elbow, and of a sphygmomanometer with long tubes.
For sphygmomanometers, part of the calibration process ensures that the measurements begin from zero.
A sphygmomanometer (sfig-mo-man-AH-met-ur) measures the pressure created by your heart as it pushes blood through your arteries to your body.
I'm still in love, but my blood pressure would bust any sphygmomanometer with which it came in contact.
The diagnosis of hypertension should be made only after two or more elevated sphygmomanometer readings are obtained on at least two visits separated by 1 to several weeks.
The Accoson greenlight 300 sphygmomanometer, an electronic version of the old mercury blood pressure monitors which are being phased out of hospitals on safety grounds, won a special award last night.
Each mercury sphygmomanometer contains about 135 g of mercury When broken or refurbished, these instruments need to be handled by hazardous waste management rules.