Although short-term results of sphincteroplasty
are satisfactory with 75-86% improvement in incontinence, they attenuate with time notifying that less than 50 percent of patients are still continent after 5-10 years (16).
and various procedure related factors including difficult cannulation, precut sphincterotomy, pancreatic duct contrast injection, balloon sphincteroplasty
and many more4.
is the most common surgical method performed for anal sphincteric reconstruction.
In this study, we have compared the outcomes of the sphincteroplasty
and fistulectomy procedures in three different rectovaginal fistula groups, such as simple rectovaginal fistula, rectovaginal fistulas associated with chronic inflammatory and autoimmune disease, and cases with at least one failed repair attempt together with inflammatory diseases.
up to 10 mm was performed which was complicated by massive bleeding from the ampulla.
of the anal sphincter is the preferred primary surgical treatment.
This study was undertaken with effect from March 2010-February 2015, in patients who underwent cholecystectomy, cholecystectomy + choledocholithotomy and cholecystectomy+choledocholithotomy+choledocoduodenost omy/transduodenal sphincteroplasty
in the hospital, where attending patients were mostly from lower middle class and poor category.
Pharyngeal flap and sphincteroplasty
for velopharyngeal insufficiency have equal outcome at 1 year postoperatively: results of a randomized trial.
The hazards in each procedure are similar, however they are considered the anatomic complications that are common to the following three procedures: cholecystectomy, surgery of the common bile duct, and sphincteroplasty
.8 While generally a safe procedure with limited morbidity and mortality, open cholecystectomy does carry risk for potential complications.
The patient underwent a sphincteroplasty
, with minor improvement.
Endoscopy was attempted in 232 patients (49%) using a side viewing videoscope, with regular instruments that were used in sphincterotomy and balloon dilatation and sphincteroplasty
. Endoscopic treatments include sphincterotomy in mild cases and/or stenting in moderate to major biliary leakage, with concomitant stone extraction if present within the CBD (retrieval using basket, balloon extractor, or manual mechanical lithotripsy), and also dilatation and stenting in repeated endoscopic sessions with upgrading of stents until a cure was obtained (after full dilatation of the stricture segment as evident by loss of the waist in the repeated follow-up cholangiogram) (Table 2 and Figures 1, 2, and 3).
Carr-Locke, "Endoscopic pancreatic and biliary manometry in pancreatic, biliary, and papillary disease, and after endoscopic sphincterotomy and surgical sphincteroplasty
," Gut, vol.