spermicides


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spermicides

Contraceptive preparations designed to kill SPERMATOZOA. In general, spermicides used alone are unreliable as contraceptives.
References in periodicals archive ?
One benefit of the barrier method is availability: Condoms and spermicides can be purchased over the counter (without a prescription).
An unhealthy reproductive tract could militate against certain contraceptives, just as there is evidence that barrier methods of contraception and spermicides lower the risk of transmitting sexually transmitted infections or agents such as gonorrhea, Chlamydia, syphilis, trichomoniasis, the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), hepatitis B virus, herpes simplex virus type II and cytomegalovirus (9,11).
Hence the objective of this study was to isolate the protein from these extracts and to study its effects on sperm in vitro in comparison with nonoxynol-9, a known spermicide.
The Food and Drug Administration is requiring manufacturers to include a warning label on all over-the-counter, stand-alone vaginal contraceptive and spermicide products containing nonoxynol 9, saying that the chemical does not protect against HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.
Food and Drug Administration has approved a number of birth control methods, ranging from over-the-counter male and female condoms and vaginal spermicides to doctor-prescribed birth control pills, diaphragms, intrauterine devices (IUDs), injected hormones, and hormonal implants.
In addition, spermicides containing other active ingredients, such as octoxynol-9, benzalkonium chloride and menfegol, are also distributed in developed and developing countries.
NEW YORK -- In a new report the World Health Organization (WHO) concludes that non-oxynol-9 (N-9), which is used in all spermicides in the United States, is moderately effective at preventing pregnancy when used alone and also improves the contraceptive effectiveness of diaphragms and cervical caps.
Health care providers should continue to discourage the use of the spermicide nonoxynol-9 as a contraceptive, as recommended previously Condoms lubricated with spermicides are no more effective than other lubricated condoms in protecting against STDs.
The 2002 STD treatment guidelines state that condoms lubricated with spermicides are no more effective than other lubricated condoms in protecting against the transmission of HIV infection and other STDs (7).
(Read: We don't want the Christian right yelling at us.) There are no federal regulations directly prohibiting ads on TV for condoms, spermicides, or birth control pills.
The Guide may not have intended to refer to the use of the condom, spermicides, or chemical contraceptive pills.
The project has trained some 360 adolescents as volunteer peer counselors, who distribute educational material and--with parental consent--condoms, spermicides, and contraceptive pills (if the girls have prescriptions from a physician).