Post-testicular sperm maturation
and identification of an epididymal protein in the Japanese quail (Coturnix coturnix japonica).
18 The primary cause of spermatogenic failure observed in AZFc deletion is due to the sperm maturation
defect or post meiotic spermatid defect.
These three biomarkers are assimilated with the sperm membrane developing through late steps of spermatogenesis in the testis and sperm maturation
in epididymis and they improve capacitation which is involved in fertilization (25, 26).
Therefore, GPx5 may play an important role in sperm maturation
Sperm mitochondrial and nuclear DNA are potential targets of attack by ROS  which usually progress to sperm apoptotic events that are completed in the epididymis during sperm maturation
and capacitation .
Increased BMI has been suggested to negatively affect spermatogenesis and the molecular structure of germ cells in the testis and sperm maturation
in the epididymis [6, 7], consequently resulting in reduced sperm quality and male subfertility [8-12].
Lipids are important for sperm maturation
, viability and membrane functions.
Balasubramanian, "Impact of experimental diabetes and insulin replacement on epididymal secretory products and sperm maturation
in albino rats," Journal of Cellular Biochemistry, vol.
sabina has the ability to suppress sperm maturation
and fertility of male rats in vivo, and its effect seemed to be reversible after withdrawal.
Similar events related to sperm maturation
during retention in UVD might be occurring in S.
The ROS, under physiological conditions, play important roles in different processes necessaries for sperm maturation
and function, such as capacitation, hyperactivation, acrosome reaction and sperm-oocyte fusion, allowing proper fertilization process [19, 21, 40].
The research team observed that although lower water temperatures were correlated primarily with spermatogenesis, maturing oocytes were present throughout the winter study period and that the mean date for sperm maturation
occurred before the mean date of oocyte maturation.