and infertility in patients with testicular cancer.
However, this contradict with another study18, that reported a high incidence of sperm antibodies amongst patients with primary unexplained infertility in subjects attending a program for assisted reproduction by various test (ELISA, TAT, SIT and GAT).
The presence of sperm antibodies in the serum of two patients with oligozoospermia.
The incidence of sperm antibodies in patients included in a program of assisted reproduction].
Sperm must be present in sufficient volume, they must be active, they must not clump together, they must be relatively normal in shape and size and they must not be adversely affected by sperm antibodies
either in the man or woman.
Although doctors have long recognized numerous causes of infertility - such as blocked fallopian tubes, failure to ovulate and low sperm count - they have in the past two decades begun to focus on a less common cause: sperm antibodies. Some studies show that in as many as 5 percent of couples who are unable to conceive, either the man and/or woman produces antibodies against sperm, according to Dr.
For couples like Linda and David, for whom various fertility tests have failed to identify any specific medical problems, as many as 20 percent have sperm antibodies to blame, according to Dr.
In both men and women, sperm antibodies may be found in the bloodstream and/or reproductive tract, says Dr.
Other tests can be performed as indicated, such as sperm antibodies
The role of sperm antibodies in the inhibition of sperm penetration into cervical mucus has been clearly defined.
The presence of sperm antibodies in serum is not closely correlated with the presence of sperm antibodies in cervical mucus in a given individual.[7-10] The clinical significance of serum sperm antibodies in both men and women is controversial.[1,2]
, immunoglobulins, and complement in human follicular fluid.