They address the role of speech-language pathologists in the counseling process and the diagnostic interview; the basics of diagnostic report writing; psychometrics for speech and language assessment; audiological screening; and assessment of the oral-peripheral speech mechanism
, speech sound disorders, preschool language disorders, school-age language and literacy disorders, aphasia, voice disorders, fluency disorders, feeding and swallowing disorders, accent, and speech, language, and communication in autism spectrum disorders.
"Vision, hearing, balancing, voice and/or speech mechanism disability", which can be categorized into "sensory / voice and speech functions and related structures" (b2, b3, s2, s3) in ICF framework, was third (14.2% of employed and 12.0% of unemployed ones).
Besides, the final model indicated that significant predictors of employment for people with disabilities sequentially included (1) currently married / living with partner, (2) driving car / riding (re-equipped) motorcycle, (3) higher educational level, (4) picked up by families, relatives, or friends / cannot go outside, (5) female, (6) 45-54 years old, (7) living alone, (8) 55-64 years old, (9) higher level of disability, (10) not 25-34 years old, (11) not necessary to use auxiliary equipments, (12) without limbs disability, (13) without losing functions of primary organs, (14) with vision, hearing, balancing, voice and/or speech mechanism disability, and (15) 35-44 years old (Model 1-4 / Table 5).
Playing strengthens oral and respiratory muscles, and improves breath support, sound vocalization, articulation, and speech mechanism
Chapters cover anatomy, neuroanatomy, and physiology of the speech mechanism
; physiological and acoustic phonetics; language development in children; language disorders in children; articulatory-phonological development and disorders; fluency and its disorders; voice and its disorders; neurologically based communicative disorders and dysphagia; communication disorders in multicultural populations; audiology and hearing disorders; evidence-based practice for assessment and treatment; research design and statistics; special topics in speech-language pathology; and professional issues.
Many people who stutter consult speech-language pathologists (SLPs) for assistance because these professionals are experts in the anatomy, physiology, and motor systems of the speech mechanism
and can provide education and behavior modification to achieve greater control over speech (Cooper, 1997).
The neurological basis of speech motor control has remained unknown until now because scientists cannot study speech mechanisms
in animals and because non-invasive imaging methods lack the ability to resolve the very rapid time course of articulator movements, which change in hundredths of seconds.
They are involved in very serious research into trying to help people communicate who can't speak because of a stroke, illness or damage to speech mechanisms
Prof Robert Knight, one of the researchers from the University of California at Berkeley, said: This is huge for patients who have damage to their speech mechanisms
because of a stroke or Lou Gehrigs disease and cant speak.
He suggested that this cell death could lead to a 'glitch' in the speech mechanisms
, 'blocking' the ability to pronounce certain sounds and causing the stammer.
Taking a narrower view than that of MacNeilage and his collegues, Tomasello says specialized speech mechanisms
, not language in general, are all that have been located in the left hemisphere.
The brain is not able to process the different components of the speech mechanisms
creating disconnection between the thought process and verbal ability.