Given that speaking and singing share behavioral and physiological similarities, singing has proven to be an effective tool in treating speech abnormalities
associated with PD.
The disorder displays a wide variety of symptoms, among them low muscle tone, developmental delays, recurrent respiratory infections, speech abnormalities
, seizures, autistic behaviors and potentially severe intellectual disability.
are common in all of the Parkinsonian syndromes and in MSA, and there is often a mixed dysarthria (problems in articulating speech) with ataxic and spastic elements.
Sapir said that the muscles controlling voice and speech are also affected by the disease in most patients, and there is some evidence suggesting that speech abnormalities
may antecede the classic symptoms of the disease.
They include the 22q deletion syndrome, which is associated with a variety of abnormalities, including speech abnormalities
In June 1999, he was hospitalized following onset of dementia, speech abnormalities
, and myoclonic jerking.