seized street samples by Raman spectroscopy; J Forensic Sci 52:88; 2007.
by Raman microprobe spectroscopy; J Forensic Sci 43:82; 1998.
[116.] Krol M, Karoly A, Koscielniak P: Raman spectroscopy and
[118.] Kunicki M, Fabianska E, Parczewski A: Raman spectroscopy
 conducted one of the first studies of Raman spectroscopy for breast cancer diagnosis.
conducted near-infrared (NIR) Raman spectroscopy of tissue specimens collected from patients and found that the ratio of Raman intensities at 1,445 to 1,655 [cm.sup.-1] could be used to identify malignant bronchial tissue .
demonstrated the capability of Raman spectroscopy to discriminate vital tumor from necrotic tissue in unfixed cryosections of glioblastoma collected from 20 patients .
Founded in 1997 by Dr Sean Wang, B&W Tek is a global provider of Raman spectroscopy solutions, in addition to laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) technology, NIR, and UV/VIS spectrometers and solutions.
Its product lines also include a complete portfolio for NIR-/ and Raman spectroscopy, software, dosing systems and solutions for laboratory automation.
In several in vivo or live applications of NIR spectroscopy, different studies have highlighted that the light has to travel through all these layers of the skin before reaching the layer of interest (e.g., muscle), where the subcutaneous adipose tissue influencing the collected reflectance signal from the sample [4, 17, 18].
This study evaluated the potential use of NIR spectroscopy to analyze muscle and fat characteristics in beef cattle through the skin.
Near Infrared Reflectance Spectroscopy. The diffuse reflectance spectra of the samples were recorded from the flat surface using the purpose built contact probe attached by a fibre optic (10 mm diameter) cable to a Fourier transform (FT) NIR instrument (Antaris II, Thermo, USA).