specific phobia


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Related to specific phobia: social phobia

phobia

 [fo´be-ah]
a persistent, irrational, intense fear of a specific object, activity, or situation (the phobic stimulus), fear that is recognized as being excessive or unreasonable by the individual himself. When a phobia is a significant source of distress or interferes with social functioning, it is considered a mental disorder (sometimes called a phobic disorder). Some typical phobias are: acrophobia (fear of heights), astraphobia (fear of lightning), cenotophobia (fear of new things or new ideas), claustrophobia (fear of closed places), hemophobia (fear of blood), and xenophobia (dread of strangers). Phobias are subclassified as agoraphobia, social phobias, and specific phobias. See also anxiety disorders. adj., adj pho´bic.
simple phobia specific phobia.
social phobia an anxiety disorder characterized by fear and avoidance of social or performance situations in which the individual fears possible embarrassment and humiliation, for example, fear of speaking, performing, or eating in public.
specific phobia an anxiety disorder characterized by persistent and excessive or unreasonable fear of a circumscribed, well-defined object or situation, in contrast to fear of being alone or of public places (agoraphobia) or fear of embarrassment in social situations (social phobia). Common specific phobias involve fear of animals, particularly dogs, snakes, insects, and mice; fear of closed spaces (claustrophobia); and fear of heights (acrophobia).

specific phobia

1. a persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to the object or situation or in anticipation of them, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and which interferes significantly with the person's functioning;
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.
Synonym(s): simple phobia
A phobia related to exposure to specific objects or situations

Examples Animals (e.g., snakes, rats), insects (e.g., spiders), heights, lightning, flying, most common in children
Specific phobias are not generally associated with mental disorders and often respond well to desensitisation therapy

specific phobia

Psychology A persistent, irrational fear of an object, activity or situation that compels a person to avoid it, evoking distress and functional impairment, disproportionate to the actual threat of a feared object or situation Examples Animals, insects, heights, lightning, flying, most common in children; SPs are not generally associated with mental disorders. See Phobia.

spe·cif·ic pho·bi·a

(spĕ-sif'ik fō'bē-ă)
A persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to the object or situation or in anticipation of them, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and which interferes significantly with the person's functioning.
Synonym(s): simple phobia.

spe·ci·fic pho·bi·a

(spĕ-sif'ik fō'bē-ă)
Persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to object or situation or in anticipation of them, which person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and significantly interferes with the person's functioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
For the child interference scale, both parents and children reported higher levels of impairment for the children with a principal diagnosis of generalised anxiety than for the children with a principal diagnosis of a specific phobia. Additionally, on the child's report, children with generalised anxiety also display significantly higher levels of impairment that did children with social phobia as their principal diagnosis.
The low representation of specific phobias (6.5%) is noteworthy, despite the fact that many studies report that specific phobias and social phobias are the most frequent ADs.
(2001) Specific Phobias, in Anxiety Disorders: An Introduction to Clinical Management and Research (eds E.
The present case was a typical example of specific phobia related to an animal, usually found in women.
(2008) for assessing approach/avoidant behavior within specific phobia in the same population.
For example, tranquilizers would be well suited if the specific phobia was something our patient only occasionally has to deal with--like a patient phobic for needles who must take a premarital blood test in order to obtain a marriage license.
The lifetime prevalence of any specific phobia has been estimated at between 5.2% and 12.8% in various studies [2-4].
Specific phobia was the most commonly reported comorbidity with a positive CSI-4 screening cut-off score in both the treatment and no- / other-treatment groups (53%), followed by vocal tics (41%), motor tics (39%), and ODD (37%).
The most common anxiety disorders, as defined by the 'Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorder' (American Psychiatric Association, 1994), are specific phobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), acute stress disorder and separation anxiety disorder.
Driving phobia is defined as a specific phobia, situational type, in the DSM-IV (APA, 1994).
Alongside a widespread media campaign based on expert advice and specific phobia cures, Leader will be managing online activities.
Along with a widespread media campaign based on expert advice and specific phobia cures, Leader will be managing an online campaign.