specific phobia


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Related to specific phobia: social phobia

phobia

 [fo´be-ah]
a persistent, irrational, intense fear of a specific object, activity, or situation (the phobic stimulus), fear that is recognized as being excessive or unreasonable by the individual himself. When a phobia is a significant source of distress or interferes with social functioning, it is considered a mental disorder (sometimes called a phobic disorder). Some typical phobias are: acrophobia (fear of heights), astraphobia (fear of lightning), cenotophobia (fear of new things or new ideas), claustrophobia (fear of closed places), hemophobia (fear of blood), and xenophobia (dread of strangers). Phobias are subclassified as agoraphobia, social phobias, and specific phobias. See also anxiety disorders. adj., adj pho´bic.
simple phobia specific phobia.
social phobia an anxiety disorder characterized by fear and avoidance of social or performance situations in which the individual fears possible embarrassment and humiliation, for example, fear of speaking, performing, or eating in public.
specific phobia an anxiety disorder characterized by persistent and excessive or unreasonable fear of a circumscribed, well-defined object or situation, in contrast to fear of being alone or of public places (agoraphobia) or fear of embarrassment in social situations (social phobia). Common specific phobias involve fear of animals, particularly dogs, snakes, insects, and mice; fear of closed spaces (claustrophobia); and fear of heights (acrophobia).

specific phobia

1. a persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to the object or situation or in anticipation of them, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and which interferes significantly with the person's functioning;
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.
Synonym(s): simple phobia
A phobia related to exposure to specific objects or situations

Examples Animals (e.g., snakes, rats), insects (e.g., spiders), heights, lightning, flying, most common in children
Specific phobias are not generally associated with mental disorders and often respond well to desensitisation therapy

specific phobia

Psychology A persistent, irrational fear of an object, activity or situation that compels a person to avoid it, evoking distress and functional impairment, disproportionate to the actual threat of a feared object or situation Examples Animals, insects, heights, lightning, flying, most common in children; SPs are not generally associated with mental disorders. See Phobia.

spe·cif·ic pho·bi·a

(spĕ-sif'ik fō'bē-ă)
A persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to the object or situation or in anticipation of them, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and which interferes significantly with the person's functioning.
Synonym(s): simple phobia.

spe·ci·fic pho·bi·a

(spĕ-sif'ik fō'bē-ă)
Persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to object or situation or in anticipation of them, which person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and significantly interferes with the person's functioning.
References in periodicals archive ?
Nonetheless, our overall results in our view may help inform the further development and extension of acceptance-based approaches, such as ACT, as viable therapeutic alternatives to more traditional forms of CBT in assisting clients who struggle with anxiety disorders in general and with specific phobia in particular.
Specific phobias are highly treatable with carefully
This was inspired by prior work that has indicated a single treatment session of multiple in vivo exposures was sufficient at reducing symptoms of specific phobia (Ost, 1989; Ost et al.
Among respondents with anxiety disorders, treatment use was greater for those with panic disorder, with and without agoraphobia, and generalized anxiety disorder than for those with social and specific phobias.
Many people experience specific phobias, intense, irrational fears of certain things or situations--dogs, closed-in places, heights, escalators, tunnels, highway driving, water, flying, and injuries involving blood are a few of the more common ones.
Patients with panic or a specific phobia reported no pathologic hoarding symptoms.
The investigators evaluated treatment efficacy in 105 children aged 7-16 years, who met the DSM-IV criteria for a specific phobia based on a pretreatment structured interview.
born counterparts to suffer from alcohol and drug use disorders, major depression, dysthymia, mania, hypomania, panic disorder, social and specific phobia, and generalized anxiety disorders.
1 million Americans between the ages of 18-54 suffer from one of the five anxiety disorders classified as: Panic Disorder, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD), Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and Phobias, which include Agoraphobia, Specific Phobia and Social Phobia.
profiles six specific anxiety diagnoses: panic disorder, agoraphobia without a history of panic disorder, social phobia, specific phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and post-traumatic stress disorder.
These phobic disorders are often of the specific phobia type.