specific cause

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Related to specific cause: morbidity

spe·cif·ic cause

a cause, the action of which can definitely produce the condition in question.


in diseases, an agent, event, condition or characteristic which plays an essential role in producing an occurrence of the disease. Because there is nowadays much less certainty about what actually establishes a disease state it is becoming more common to use terms such as disease determinants, causal association, causal relationship. koch's postulates are no longer the sole criterion used in establishing causality.

constitutional cause
an inherent characteristic of the patient. Usually a systemic defect, e.g. protoporphyria.
direct cause
there must be no known variable intervening between the suspect factor and the disease.
endogenous cause
the cause comes from within the patient. See also constitutional cause (above).
exogenous cause
the cause comes from outside the patient, e.g. a virus infection.
indirect cause
all causes other than the direct cause (see above).
host cause
see endogenous cause (above).
necessary cause
a factor which must be present to produce disease; the disease does not occur unless the factor was or is present.
precipitating cause
the trigger mechanism that initiates the commencement of the disease state.
predisposing cause
a mechanism that makes a patient more susceptible to the precipitating cause.
primary cause
the principal factor in causing the disease.
secondary cause
a factor that assists the primary cause. A cause of secondary importance.
specific cause
the single cause in a single cause-single disease relationship.
sufficient cause
a minimal set of conditions and events which inevitably produce disease.
References in periodicals archive ?
The DAD researchers also made many important findings on relations between death risk factors that can be modified and specific causes of death.
We hope to be able to find a specific cause of death and would love to give the family an explanation.
Do you think it's important to find the specific cause of homosexuality?
Company officials said a malfunction in a network control system in Tama, Tokyo, is to blame and its specific cause is under investigation.
Once upon a time, the concept of leaving money to charity meant just that - donating money to a nonprofit organization dedicated to a specific cause.
It often worsens with stress, but there is no specific cause or anything unusual that the doctor can see in the colon.
Oftentimes patients continue to have subjective reports of pain, despite the best efforts of multiple physicians to identify a specific cause (Catalano, 1987).
With this cause marketing method, a business pledges to donate a certain amount of money to a specific cause for each "like" the company's Facebook page receives.
Jack, who enjoyed sports such as taekwondo, died of natural causes but an inquest could not determine the specific cause of his death.
Most people have essential hypertension which means that there is no a specific cause for high blood pressure.
The report said that Boeing decided to address all possible causes with the measures, rather than wait for the investigators to identify one specific cause, given the growing financial cost of grounding for Boeing and the airlines that own the jets.
Eight percent of civilian casualties were attributed to coalition forces, the report said; 11 percent were not linked to a specific cause, it added.

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