specific


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specific

 [spĕ-sif´ik]
1. pertaining to a species.
2. produced by a single kind of microorganism.
3. restricted to a particular structure or function, such as in application or effect.
4. a remedy specially indicated for a particular disease.
5. in immunology, pertaining to the special affinity of antigen for the corresponding antibody.
specific gravity the weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal amount of some other substance taken as a standard. For liquids the usual standard is water. The specific gravity of water is 1; if a sample of urine shows a specific gravity of 1.025, this means that the urine is 1.025 times heavier than water. (The normal specific gravity of urine is 1.003–1.030.) Specific gravity is measured by means of a hydrometer.

spe·cif·ic

(spĕ-sif'ik),
1. Relating to a species.
See also: specific epithet.
2. Relating to an individual infectious disease, one caused by a special microorganism.
3. A remedy having a definite therapeutic action in relation to a particular disease or symptom, as quinine in relation to malaria.
[L. specificus fr. species + facio, to make]

specific

/spe·cif·ic/ (spĕ-sif´ik)
1. pertaining to a species.
2. produced by a single kind of microorganism.
3. restricted in application, effect, etc., to a particular structure, function, etc.
4. a remedy specially indicated for a particular disease.
5. in immunology, pertaining to the special affinity of antigen for the corresponding antibody.

specific

(spĭ-sĭf′ĭk)
adj.
1.
a. Designating a disease produced by a particular microorganism or condition.
b. Having a remedial influence or effect on a particular disease.
2. Immunology Having an affinity limited to a particular antibody or antigen.
n.
a. Something particularly fitted to a use or purpose.
b. A remedy intended for a particular ailment or disorder.

spe·cif′i·cal·ly adv.
spec′i·fic′i·ty (spĕs′ə-fĭs′ĭ-tē) n.

spe·cif·ic

(spĕ-sif'ik)
1. Relating to a species.
2. Relating to an individual infectious disease, one caused by a special microorganism.
3. A remedy having a definite therapeutic action in relation to a particular disease or symptom, as quinine in relation to malaria.
[L. specificus fr. species + facio, to make]

specific,

n a homeopathic medicine that is the precise remedy for a given symptom or illness. For example, soft-tissue trauma calls for
Arnica montana, which is considered to be a specific for that symptom. See also homeopathic pathological prescribing.

spe·cif·ic

(spĕ-sif'ik)
1. Relating to a species.
2. Relating to an individual infectious disease, one caused by a special microorganism.
3. Remedy with definite therapeutic action in relation to a particular disease or symptom, such as quinine in relation to malaria.
[L. specificus fr. species + facio, to make]

specific

1. pertaining to a species.
2. produced by a single kind of microorganism.
3. restricted in application, effect, etc., to a particular structure, function, etc.
4. a remedy specially indicated for a particular disease.
5. in immunology, pertaining to the special affinity of antibody for the corresponding antigen.

specific acquired immunity
see acquired immunity.
specific activity enzymes
enzyme activity as Vmax, measured as μmoles of substrate utilized or product produced per minute, expressed on a specific unit of comparison such as per mg protein or g of tissue weight or ml or L of solution such as plasma.
specific drug
one that acts at only one type of receptor but may produce several pharmacological effects depending on which organs carry the operant receptor.
specific dynamic action
heat produced by the metabolism of food and unavoidably lost to the animal. In cold environments it will be contributed to the maintenance of body temperature but in a hot environment it must be dispersed by the normal heat-dissipating mechanisms. Called also heat increment.
specific gravity (sp. gr.)
the weight of a substance compared with the weight of an equal amount of some other substance taken as a standard. For liquids the usual standard is water. The specific gravity of water is 1; if a sample of urine shows a specific gravity of 1.025, this means that the urine is 1.025 times heavier than water. Specific gravity is measured by means of a hydrometer.
specific seasonals
clusters of cases occurring at specific seasons.

Patient discussion about specific

Q. What Causes Specific Abdominal Pain? Everytime I go see a doctor when I have abdominal pains he tells me I probably have gastroenteritis. How does he know that it's not something else for instance, appendicitis, just by examining my abdomen?

A. whats the symptoms of ovarian cyst?

Q. Is Vitiligo caused due to any specific diet? Some people say that vitiligo is caused when we eat fish/chicken and curd together is it true??

A. No it is not write. Although the real causes of vitilgo are not fully understood by anyone. But Many dermatologist say that auto-immunity and second one is inheritance may involve in vitiligo (http://www.antivitiligo.com/).
Also some diet containing specific nutrients may be useful for handling vitiligo.

Q. HIV - does it infect specific Blood Types? A friend of mine joined the army and they took him to an experiment and infected him with HIV. But he was not infected- he said because he has a certain blood type. Is this true?

A. HIV, as all other viruses need specific cells,s surface proteins which called receptors,in case of HIV these receptors are found in certain WBCs that known as T-helper cells which named as T4 cells. All humans have these T4 cells but some people lack the receptor that necessary for virus attachment and pentration of the cell which leeds to the inablity of the virus to cause infection and become a target for the immune system. But they c can infect other suseptable people.

More discussions about specific
References in periodicals archive ?
Service learning was introduced as an integrated course requirement two years ago, first as a requirement for completing a specific number of service hours at a community agency and then, later, as a requirement for completing community-based projects.
As previously noted, engineers who perform the design, planning and implementation-engineering functions associated with a specific project are time-reporting employees, required to report 100% of their time.
First, with the exception of the fusion peptide, none of the presently identified "conserved" determinants is totally invariant, and each of these relatively invariant determinants may show increased variability under specific immune pressure.
For example, in a recent transaction, the buyer, concerned with the cyclical nature of the seller's business and working capital, created a working capital adjustment targeting only the specific items with which the buyer was concerned.
Throughout weeks, months, and even years of correct and specific execution, the CNS stores information on the techniques of the movement in the form of motor memory impressions.
When Lee Swanson and associates conducted a comprehensive review of 30 years of learning disabilities intervention research in 1999, they found two categories of interventions that seemed to produce large gains in student achievement: direct instruction of specific skills and learning strategy instructions.
The impeller design is a typical conflict between high efficiency and specific application considerations.
The group hopes these studies will lead to the identification of a minimum set of genes that may be candidate biomarkers for specific toxic effects.
Since the refractory component of a coating is heavier than water, coatings have a lower specific gravity when they are diluted with water from concentrate to application level.
Global hope is not yoked to anticipated success in working toward any one specific goal.