Vegetarian ecofeminists have developed critiques and activist strategies for responding to various situations involving the linked oppression of women, people of color, and nonhuman animals; here, I will limit the discussion to the specific examples of hunting, battering, and the problem of racism, sexism, and speciesism
in science and technology.
The book opens with four brief, readable essays that aim both at engaging the emotions and introducing the ideas that fuel debate: the significance of animal research to medical progress; analogies and disanalogies between speciesism
, and racism and sexism; rights-oriented versus consequentialist attempts to sort out what's owing to animals; the so-called argument from marginal cases.
In the March/April cover story, Ed Gibney addressed speciesism
within humanism, which prompted Jennifer Bardi to ask in her editors note: "Isn't promoting the inherent worth of all living things a bit of a stretch when we aren't doing such a hot job affirming the inherent worth and dignity of so many of our own species?
Scholars questioned chauvinist and colonialist beliefs under which women and people of color were treated as beings less than animals; however, they did not challenge the closely related belief of speciesism
This statement exemplifies a dangerous nexus of ignorance, speciesism
, and homophobia that conceals the workings of industrial agribusiness.
Further, Pugliese contends that legalized acts of violence are based upon a biopolitical caesura, which marks its targets as non-human animals, a form of speciesism
upon which contemporary racism is predicated.
As Peter Singer has pointed out, this relation between the vivisector and the laboratory animal does not illustrate 'sadism on the part of the individual experimenters but the institutionalised mentality of speciesism
that makes it possible'.
Animal ethics, anthropocentrism, egoism, environmental ethics, speciesism
Concern with ethical anthropocentrism has largely been confined to debates in animal and environmental ethics.
It is a form of speciesism
, argues Pugliese (cultural studies, Macquarie U.
In "Species in a Planetary Frame: Eco-Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism, and The Cove," Neel Ahuja explores complex questions about the possibility of an "eco-cosmopolitan" or "planetary" ethic that would take seriously critiques of both speciesism
The suffering we inflict on the animals while they are alive is perhaps an even clearer indication of our speciesism
than the fact that we are prepared to kill them.
made the institution of speciesism
fundamental (as George Bataille, Jacques Derrida, Rene Girard and others have reminded us) to the formation of Western subjectivity and sociality as such," so that "the full transcendence of the 'human' requires the sacrifice of the 'animal' and the animalistic" (6).