Mixing of alginate with spatula against the sides of rubber bowl to avoid to create the air bubbles with certain spatulation
The powder and liquid portions were mixed under sterile conditions by hand spatulation
. [[sup.14]C] metformin-loaded scaffold was placed in 24-well plates containing 1 mL of PBS in an incubator at 37[degrees]C.
Classical steps for pyeloplasty were then performed: spatulation
of the ureter, introduction of a 6 Ch 26 cm double-J stent in an antegrade fashion down the ureter into the bladder (passed along a 0.035-inch glidewire).
Wallace 2 technique ('head-totail anastomosis'): After spatulation
, the distal ureteric margin is anastomosed to apex of spatulated contralateral ureter.
Distilled water pH measurements (PH30 Sensor Corning; Corning Inc., NY, USA) were taken with a pH meter at 1, 3, 5,15, and 30 min; 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, and 72 h; and 4, 6, 7, 15, and 30 days after spatulation
. During the experiment, the pH was analyzed for each sample in the same plastic recipient without liquid substitution.
Distilled water pH measurements were taken with a pH meter (Corning Inc, Corning, New York, USA) at 1, 3, 5,15, and 30 min, 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 24, 48, 72 h, 4, 6, 7, 15, and 30 days after spatulation
. During the experiment, pH was analyzed for each sample in the same plastic recipient without liquid substitution.
Impression materials can be mixed manually, via hand spatulation
, or automatically, by using a hand--powered impression gun or an automated mixing machine (Figure 3, left).
This may require a ventral incision and spatulation
of a neomeatus to allow for voiding and decrease the risk of meatal stenosis.
This flap is used for ureteral handling (a "no touch" technique) during pyeloplasty and also serves as a very reliable guide for lateral ureteral spatulation
, preventing ureteral twisting and subsequent misalignment of the de novo ureteropelvic junction.
The pH was measured (PH 30 Sensor Corning; Corning Inc., New York, NY, USA) with a pH meter at 3, 24, 72, and 168 h of spatulation
. During the experiment, the pH of each sample was analyzed in the plastic recipient without liquid substitution.
of the resulting paste before adding diluent further aids in the dispersion process.