spatial zones

spatial zones

the areas of personal space in which most people interact. Four basic spatial zones are the intimate zone, in which distance between individuals is less than 18 inches; the personal zone, between 18 inches and 4 feet; the social zone, extending between 4 and 12 feet; and the public zone, beyond 12 feet. See also proxemics.
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This creates new, independent spatial zones without the typical arrangement of lining and wall elements.
Together, these forces fashion spatial zones without use of physical barriers.
Nevertheless, all former urban research have illustrated Shannon's entropy method in different spatial zones divisions either to analyze the urban patterns (Yeh and Xia, 2001) or to identify the urban sprawl of a specific area for a specific period (Kumar, et al.
In this study, it is proposed that a data-based model for temperature in fixed spatial zones will be used in the design of Proportional-Integral-Plus (PIP) control system.
The present study was undertaken to explore the natural maintenance of spatial zones among university students.
The present study is focused on the effects of environment, and gender on maintenance of spatial zones in a Pakistani university culture.
The reasons that make QAU a good choice for the present study are that: there is relative ease of access to all areas, note-taking behavior (required while making observations) is less subject to reactivity, most studies on spatial zones are done on university samples, thus some degree of comparison may be possible.
The higher percentage of students who were alone seemed to have preferred the public space as compared to the other spatial zones.
Further studies may also want to look into the effects of terrorist attacks on spatial zones of affected populations.
Orientation of machines and equipment, changes in floor material and careful attention to changes in lighting can all contribute to clear but subtle spatial zones.
He first provides a chronological narrative of the formation and development of economic inequality and the spatial color line in the city before presenting a "state of the city" report on current residential and schooling segregation in the metropolitan area; spatial zones of racial inequality for income, employment rates, occupational status, poverty, homelessness, home value, neighborhood economic vitality, business ownership, educational attainment, voting rights, health, incarceration, and more; and longitudinal comparison of contemporary race disparities with those of the Civil Right era and 1990.
In the course of 2016 also provided for hosting a number of spatial zones from the specifications through grazing sheep, which the management will also press.

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