We also found that spatial memory
seemed to be more affected at older ages, although strategies appeared to be altered at different moments in the elderly: allocentric strategy performance was intact from 62 to 74 years of age, but the egocentric strategy declined from 62 to 66 years old and continued to decline from 67 to 75 years old.
Detecting the neurogenesis effect of erythropoietin and galantamine in the dentate gyrus and spatial memory
in Alzheimer's experimental rat model.
deToledo-Morrell, "Spatial memory
in aged rats is related to PKC[gamma]-dependent G-protein coupling of the M1 receptor," Neurobiology of Aging, vol.
Here, we present additional findings in wild-type rats showing that contextual fear memory acquisition or extinction upregulates the RyR2 isoform, which when downregulated causes striking spatial memory
Four T mazes were used to measure spatial memory
, they were made of black and white acrylic, and they had four parts: the start white alley (36x13.5x17 cm), the black main corridor (39x13.5x17 cm) and two black arms (novel and other) which were perpendicular to the corridor (39x13.5x17 cm).
To examine the effects of herbal formulas comprising combinations of B, Y, P, and A on aging-related changes, the D-galactose-induced aging model was employed, which is based on the findings that chronic exposure to D-galactose not only causes shortened lifespan in Drosophila and housefly [28, 29], but also brings about neurodegeneration, increased oxidative stress in the brain, and spatial memory
impairment [30, 31].
These data suggest a facilitation of extinction learning capacity, especially on shortterm spatial memory
in old rats (Fig.
Compared to ANT-DBS, the rats that received EC and FX DBS showed a more obvious improvement in spatial memory
A UCLA study showed that adults age 60 and older who ate about 2.7 teaspoons of walnuts daily for three to six years scored higher on tests that measured story recall, response speed, sustained attention, and visual spatial memory
Memory retention was assessed by means of the passive avoidance test and spatial memory
was assessed using the Morris water maze test.
29, 2014, in the Journal of Neuroscience suggests that people with sleep apnea may be more susceptible to declines in spatial memory
, responsible for tasks such as remembering how to get home or where you parked your car.