gloriana, this last described below, and can be distinguished from the former mainly by its one-flowered spathes
, narrower claws of outer tepals, and longer filaments and larger anthers.
aegypti Cement tanks, plastic containers, metal containers, coconut shells, mud pots, tyres, discarded containers, plastic drums, flowerpots and fallen spathes
Most of the date palm varieties of Khairpur also lies under mid-season varieties, starting emergence of spathes
from the mid of February like vars.
The primary symptoms for this insect larval infestation on date palms are: presence of the insect larval frass (fecal excrement) on the young fronds, frond malformation, whitening of young leaves, "V" cut on leaf rachis, inflorescence axis and spathe
, scratches, furrows and holes on the young fronds, and slight bend on the crown.
This year their blunt, fleshy spathes
look impressively sexy.
Twenty reproductive adult palms were randomly chosen in each site and had the spathes
emission and inflorescences recorded in August 2009, and the infructescenses assessed in November 2009.
For the production of the spathes
, 3 variables exist; many, medium and few.
Phytotelmata are water-impounding structures formed by non-aquatic plants, such as modified leaves (Heliconia), leaf axils (Bromeliaceae and Araceae), flowers (Marantaceae), perforated internodes (bamboo), stem holes or depressions, rot-holes in tree trunks or branches (tree-holes), open fruits (cacao pods and coconuts) and fallen leaves (spathes
of palms and Musaceae).
Then there is, of course, the American skunk cabbage Lysichiton with its yellow and white spathes
in spring followed by bold leaves beneath which nothing else survives.
ARUM LILY OR ZANTEDESCHIA - white spathes
with slim, yellow, plume-like flower spike.
(2006) consider that some species, particularly in Bambuseae and in Andropogoneae, develop spathes
subtending parts of the inflorescence.
The material in the book incorporates information given in the publications cited above, but goes well beyond that by analysing in detail 135 paintings (on the base of flattened sago palm fronds, commonly and mistakenly referred to a 'spathes
' by many authors, as Bowden points out).