source reduction

source reduction

Any practice intended to reduce the amount of a hazardous substance, pollutant or contaminant that enters any waste stream, or is otherwise released into the environment, before recycling, treatment or disposal. Source reduction includes design, manufacture, purchase or use of materials to reduce the amount or toxicity of waste; because it is intended to reduce pollution and conserve resources, source reduction should not increase the net amount or toxicity of waste generated throughout the life of the product.

Techniques
Reusing items, minimising use of products that conatin hazardous compounds, using only what is needed, extending the life of a product, reducing unneeded packaging.
References in periodicals archive ?
Our focus should be on source reduction. Our interventions should be synchronized, systematic and regular, not just one-time,' Avelino said.
This would be achieved through source reduction, recycling and composting.
thinner than the insulating material used previously, the TempGuard liner represents a source reduction for Sun Basket because its outer box is now 25% smaller.
In the wake of a study last month suggesting that 44 percent of tap water in Taiwan contains microplastics, the Research Bureau of the Legislative Yuan has proposed source reduction and incentives for development of products made with eco-materials to cut the plastics footprint.
Talking of prevention, experts said key interventions to control malaria include: early diagnosis and prompt treatment of cases, universal coverage of all people with risk, use of long-lasting insecticide treated bed nets (LLINs) during sleeping, selective indoor residual insecticide spray (IRS) in high risk communities to control transmission of vector mosquitoes, and elimination of mosquito breeding sites (source reduction) by drainage, filling of waste water bodies with earth, cleaning of drains and clearing of vegetation etc.
Health experts were skeptical of its efficacy as there are at least four different strains of the virus in Pakistan and hence the vaccine loses its efficiency suggesting source reduction for mosquitoes remain the key.
The company said the USD3m grant is part of the proceeds from California's Greenhouse Gas Reduction Fund for fiscal 2016-17 and part of its effort to reach its statewide goal of 75% recycling, composting and source reduction by 2020, with help from its Waste Diversion and Greenhouse Gas Reduction Financial Assistance Programmes.
The grant supports development districts in preparing valuable solid waste planning functions, including compiling information about landfills, source reduction, composting and recycling for each of the 66 solid waste regions annual progress report.
It addresses what a sustainable city looks like, cities throughout history, the effect of cities on resources, and energy constraints; urban climate challenges like greenhouse gas emissions, global sprawl, the environmental footprint of and energy efficiency in buildings, renewable energy, sustainable transportation, source reduction and recycling of waste, solid waste, and rural-urban migration, lifestyles, and deforestation; and politics, equity, and livability issues like biodiversity, urban planning for diversity and social cohesion, and urbanization, inclusion, and social justice.
Next to lightweighting (or source reduction), the U.S.
Moreover, converted flexible packaging's source reduction, space savings, and lower production and transportation costs will be increasingly advantageous in light of the growing importance among major retailers and packaged goods firms of supply chain sustainability as a competitive advantage.