bitter orange

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bit·ter or·ange

(bit'ĕr ōr'ănj)
The fruit of Citrus aurantium; clinical reports suggest use as an antiviral, in treating gastrointestinal and dermatologic disorders. Some have used it as an appetite suppressant (after the ban on ephedra), but severe and frequent adverse effects have been reported (seizure, cardiovascular disorders).
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

bitter orange

A citrus tree, Citrus aurantium, whose oils are used in some cultures as an oral remedy for gastrointestinal conditions such as constipation or nausea. Bitter orange is commonly used in dietary supplements as an aid to fat loss and as an appetite suppressant.


Bitter orange can worsen cardiovascular disease and glaucoma.
Synonym: zhi shi
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Thirty-eight percent of lemon, lime, and sour orange trees were infested with 1 or more Diptilomiopus on the east coast compared to 27% of the same varieties on the west coast.
Plant materials, growing conditions and experimental design: Six different citrus rootstocks used were; sour orange, trifoliata orange, Carrizo citrange, rough lemon, Volkamer lemon, and Cleopatra mandarin.
Mycorrhizal colonization significantly increased plant height, stem diameter (except sour orange), leaf number of plant, shoot and root dry weights of all the plants, and mycorrhizas had host-specific differences in growth performance.
The Goofy bag has green apple, lemon lime, orange sherbet, pineapple pear smoothie, sour apple, sour orange and strawberry banana.
Cumin, oregano, garlic, lime, onion, sour orange, plantains, yucca, peas, okra and yams are among the most pervasive flavors and ingredients.
If you're in the area, look for these champs: Central Arizona College: Littleleaf lysiloma, 97 pts.; University of Arizona (3): Huajillo huajillo, 66 pts.; Gregg ash, 51 pts.; Sour orange, campus arboretum, 46 pts.; Stanford University, California: Joshua-tree, 227 pts.; Reitz Memorial High School, Evansville, Indiana: Royal Paulownia, 359 pts.; Frederick High School, Frederick, Maryland: Slippery elm, 358 pts.
orange, shangzhou zhiqiao, sour orange, zhi, oiao, zhi xhi) Organ/glandular Theoretical risk of FDA banned high-risk extracts (brain/ mad cow disease, bovine materials from adrenal/pituitary/ particularly from older cows in foods placenta/other gland brain extracts.
zhiqiao, sour orange, zhi oiao, zhi xhi) Organ/glandular extracts Theoretical risk of mad FDA banned high- (brain/adrenal/pituitary/ cow disease, risk bovine placenta/other gland particularly from brain materials from "substance" or extracts.
In the wake of ephedra, perhaps the most popular of the "new" generation of herbal weight-loss products Citrus aurantium (Seville orange or sour orange), used in traditional Chinese medicine for digestive problems.
The trunks of the diminutive sour orange trees are literally painted (white, against the blistering sun) and if you stroll through the cul-de-sacs at eight in the evening, all you will hear is the liquid whir of hundreds of air conditioners.
You sit in a rocker, sipping tea or freshly ground coffee, and notice four milk cows with their calves, grazing meditatively, sniffing around for fallen fruit under the sour orange, mango and jugua trees which grace the surrounding pastures.
Quick-decline strains can rapidly kill trees on sour orange rootstock but do not affect trees on other types of rootstocks.