The present research investigates anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype
components of active Kosovo elite athletes of the sports: basketball, handball and football, and the obtained results are mutually compared.
Table III shows the distribution of the somatotype
categories according to those proposed by Carter and Heath (2005).
It was found that in male participants, mesomorph endomorph reached the highest score at left and right knee extension muscle strength at angular speeds of 90 [degrees]/sec, 120 [degrees]/sec, 150 [degrees]/sec, while balanced mesomorph somatotype
reached the highest score at left and right knee flexion muscle strength at the same angular speeds.
The purpose of this study was to establish FMS composite scores for the four simplified somatotype
categories (normal, endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph), as well as to determine the predictive ability of somatotype
category and FMS score.
Anthropometric and somatotype
data is presented in the Table 1.
The anthropometric variables were measured as stature, body mass, sums of eight skinfolds, six girths, five lengths, five breadths, four somatotype
values, along with hand grip and back strengths.
At age 5 years, little difference was found between the somatotypes
of girls who did and did not report later abuse.
Nash (1978) supported the Sheldonian perspective, that primary components serve to set limits upon a classified physique but within any single somatotype
classification there is still room for tremendous variation.
In 1986, Hoit and Hixon measured twelve subjects and placed them into somatotype
groups using Carter's formula.
Of importance, two factors influencing men's perception of the somatotype
that constitutes a sexually attractive male body and their level of body image investment were media depicting the bodies that women desire and body-related information from prospective sexual partners.
The magnitude and rate of forces applied to the skeleton are determined by the velocity of the segments in motion, number of repetitions, and muscular activity, as well as by boundary conditions such as the individual's somatotype
, fitness level, performance surface, climate/ weather, and shoe type [48-50].
For example, is a tall and/or muscular somatotype
inevitably, invariably threatening?