somatotype


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Related to somatotype: somatotype theory

somatotype

 [so-mat´o-tīp]
a particular type of body build.

so·mat·o·type

(sō-mat'ō-tīp),
1. The constitutional or body type of a person.
2. The particular constitutional or body type associated with a particular personality type.

somatotype

(sō-măt′ə-tīp′, sō′mə-tə-)
n.
The structure or build of a person, especially to the extent to which it exhibits the characteristics of an ectomorph, an endomorph, or a mesomorph.

so·mat′o·typ′ic (-tĭp′ĭk) adj.

so·mat·o·type

(sō-mat'ō-tīp)
The constitutional or body type of an individual or with a particular personality type.

somatotype

The physical build of a person. A body type, claimed by some, with little evidence, to have a reliable correlation with personality. See also ECTOMORPH, ENDOMORPH, MESOMORPH.
References in periodicals archive ?
The present research investigates anthropometric characteristics, body composition and somatotype components of active Kosovo elite athletes of the sports: basketball, handball and football, and the obtained results are mutually compared.
It was found that in male participants, mesomorph endomorph reached the highest score at left and right knee extension muscle strength at angular speeds of 90 [degrees]/sec, 120 [degrees]/sec, 150 [degrees]/sec, while balanced mesomorph somatotype reached the highest score at left and right knee flexion muscle strength at the same angular speeds.
The purpose of this study was to establish FMS composite scores for the four simplified somatotype categories (normal, endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph), as well as to determine the predictive ability of somatotype category and FMS score.
The anthropometric variables were measured as stature, body mass, sums of eight skinfolds, six girths, five lengths, five breadths, four somatotype values, along with hand grip and back strengths.
At age 5 years, little difference was found between the somatotypes of girls who did and did not report later abuse.
Nash (1978) supported the Sheldonian perspective, that primary components serve to set limits upon a classified physique but within any single somatotype classification there is still room for tremendous variation.
In 1986, Hoit and Hixon measured twelve subjects and placed them into somatotype groups using Carter's formula.
Of importance, two factors influencing men's perception of the somatotype that constitutes a sexually attractive male body and their level of body image investment were media depicting the bodies that women desire and body-related information from prospective sexual partners.
The magnitude and rate of forces applied to the skeleton are determined by the velocity of the segments in motion, number of repetitions, and muscular activity, as well as by boundary conditions such as the individual's somatotype, fitness level, performance surface, climate/ weather, and shoe type [48-50].
For example, is a tall and/or muscular somatotype inevitably, invariably threatening?