in psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.
a somatoform disorder
characterized by multiple vague, recurring somatic complaints that cannot be fully explained by any known general medical condition or the direct effect of a chemical substance, but are not intentionally feigned or produced; it usually begins before age 30 and persists for several years. The patient may simply complain of being ill or may have specific symptoms, but the complaints will include a combination of at least multiple pain symptoms, multiple gastrointestinal symptoms, a sexual symptom, and a neurological symptom. Typical complaints include double vision, fainting, abdominal pain, bowel problems, painful menstruation, and sexual indifference. The complaints are often presented in a dramatic and exaggerated manner, but the patient is vague about their exact nature. The patient may visit many health care providers, sometimes several simultaneously, and undergo numerous diagnostic procedures, unnecessary treatments, and even surgery. Most such patients are anxious and depressed and have difficulty in personal relationships; many have traits of histrionic personality disorder
. They are seldom free of symptoms in spite of frequent medical attention; in fact, the repeated, unnecessary diagnostic procedures or surgery may only add to their suffering. The outlook for these patients is poor. Called also Briquet's syndrome
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; for example, the expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or a wish for material gain associated with a legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.
See also: somatization disorder
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012
The presentation of physical symptoms that cannot be fully explained by the presence of a medical condition, often associated with stress, anxiety, or other psychological factors.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
somatization Psychology A multifactorial tendency to experience and report somatic Sx with no pathophysiologic cause
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms.
See also: somatization disorder
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
Anxiety converted into physical symptoms. Somatization is a sign of panic disorder.
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
Process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; e.g., expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or by a wish for material gain associated with legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
Patient discussion about somatization
Q. Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey?
If not what else may be the factor? If it did not seem to be that you were actually losing your vision and that you needed glasses.
A. Depression may be part of a wider problem. Perhps stress headaches or migraine headaches or something like that is causing the vision problem. Tension will cause your muscles to lock up. Some of the tension headaches I have had made me think I was not seeing so good. It was like a pain all the way around and across the top of my nead. My doctor readily recognized that symptom and gave me a presscription for them, and it has worked well on them, something called Dolgic. More discussions about somatization
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