somatization


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Related to somatization: somatization disorder, conversion disorder

somatization

 [so″mah-tĭ-za´shun]
in psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.
somatization disorder a somatoform disorder characterized by multiple vague, recurring somatic complaints that cannot be fully explained by any known general medical condition or the direct effect of a chemical substance, but are not intentionally feigned or produced; it usually begins before age 30 and persists for several years. The patient may simply complain of being ill or may have specific symptoms, but the complaints will include a combination of at least multiple pain symptoms, multiple gastrointestinal symptoms, a sexual symptom, and a neurological symptom. Typical complaints include double vision, fainting, abdominal pain, bowel problems, painful menstruation, and sexual indifference. The complaints are often presented in a dramatic and exaggerated manner, but the patient is vague about their exact nature. The patient may visit many health care providers, sometimes several simultaneously, and undergo numerous diagnostic procedures, unnecessary treatments, and even surgery. Most such patients are anxious and depressed and have difficulty in personal relationships; many have traits of histrionic personality disorder. They are seldom free of symptoms in spite of frequent medical attention; in fact, the repeated, unnecessary diagnostic procedures or surgery may only add to their suffering. The outlook for these patients is poor. Called also Briquet's syndrome.

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'ma-ti-zā'shŭn),
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; for example, the expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or a wish for material gain associated with a legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.
See also: somatization disorder.

somatization

(sō′mə-tĭ-zā′shən)
n.
The presentation of physical symptoms that cannot be fully explained by the presence of a medical condition, often associated with stress, anxiety, or other psychological factors.

somatization

Psychology A multifactorial tendency to experience and report somatic Sx with no pathophysiologic cause

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms.
See also: somatization disorder

Somatization

Anxiety converted into physical symptoms. Somatization is a sign of panic disorder.
Mentioned in: Palpitations

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
Process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; e.g., expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or by a wish for material gain associated with legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.

Patient discussion about somatization

Q. Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? If not what else may be the factor? If it did not seem to be that you were actually losing your vision and that you needed glasses.

A. Depression may be part of a wider problem. Perhps stress headaches or migraine headaches or something like that is causing the vision problem. Tension will cause your muscles to lock up. Some of the tension headaches I have had made me think I was not seeing so good. It was like a pain all the way around and across the top of my nead. My doctor readily recognized that symptom and gave me a presscription for them, and it has worked well on them, something called Dolgic.

More discussions about somatization
References in periodicals archive ?
In contrast to the normative population (baseline; Amado, Arce & Herraiz, 2015), the results showed higher mean injury in primary symptom dimensions of 42% in somatization, ranging for 95% of the sample with a minimum 29.2% (lower limit) to a maximum 58.4% (upper limit); obsessive-compulsive 37%, ranging from 20.1% to 51.7%; interpersonal sensitivity 62%, ranging from 49.4% to 72.1%; depression 61%, ranging from 48.2% to 71.3%; anxiety 62%, ranging from 49.4% to 72.1%; hostility 44%, ranging from 28.0% to 57.6%; phobic anxiety 37%, ranging from 20.1% to 51.7%; paranoid ideation 63%, ranging from 50.6% to 72.8%; and psychoticism 64%, ranging from 51.8% to 73.6%.
This study concluded that narcissistic and histrionic personality traits and anxiety and somatization symptoms are higher among individuals seeking cosmetic BoNTA injection, which is consistent with the results of several previous studies on patients seeking different cosmetic interventions.
Significant ones are as follows: Somatization, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 3.583, p < .001, [eta]p2 = .135; Obsession-compulsion, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 4.083, p < .001, [eta]p2 = .159; Interpersonal sensitivity, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.055,p < .05, [eta]p2 = .087; Depression, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.561, p < .01, [eta]p2 = .102; Anxiety, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.395, p < .05, [eta]p2 = .092; Phobic anxiety, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 3.492, p < .001, [eta]p2 = .127; Psychoticism, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 1.991, p < .05, np2 = .079; PTSD, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.661, p < .01, pp2 = .122; GSI, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 3.097, p <0.001, [eta]p2 = .124; And PSDI, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.765, p < .05, np2 = .097.
Effect of gender and marital status on somatization symptoms of immigrants from various ethnic groups attending a primary care service.
It is important to note that the "at-risk" category includes very low somatization scores, and therefore, for the purposes of the present analysis, this category will be considered as "non-distressed".
Resistant patients with confirmed somatization disorders might accept psychiatric care as a means of dealing with the stress or pain of their physical symptoms.
Conclusion: The results indicated an intimate association between alexithymia and somatization in depressed patients.
(2012) suggest this treatment model may influence better short-term and long-term outcomes for patients with somatization.
Table 3 revealed that the mean values obtained for the Somatization Emotional conflict variable by unmarried (N= 105) and married (N= 345) were, 36.90 and 36.07 and the corresponding standard deviation were 15.87 and 16.85.
The Children's Somatization Inventory (CSI) (23) self-report instrument evaluates the occurrence of somatisation symptoms in children and adolescents.