In contrast to the normative population (baseline; Amado, Arce & Herraiz, 2015), the results showed higher mean injury in primary symptom dimensions of 42% in somatization
, ranging for 95% of the sample with a minimum 29.2% (lower limit) to a maximum 58.4% (upper limit); obsessive-compulsive 37%, ranging from 20.1% to 51.7%; interpersonal sensitivity 62%, ranging from 49.4% to 72.1%; depression 61%, ranging from 48.2% to 71.3%; anxiety 62%, ranging from 49.4% to 72.1%; hostility 44%, ranging from 28.0% to 57.6%; phobic anxiety 37%, ranging from 20.1% to 51.7%; paranoid ideation 63%, ranging from 50.6% to 72.8%; and psychoticism 64%, ranging from 51.8% to 73.6%.
b) Assessment of CMDs (anxiety, depression, and acute somatization
Depression, anxiety and somatization
are the most common mental health issues in primary care .
This study concluded that narcissistic and histrionic personality traits and anxiety and somatization
symptoms are higher among individuals seeking cosmetic BoNTA injection, which is consistent with the results of several previous studies on patients seeking different cosmetic interventions.
Significant ones are as follows: Somatization
, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 3.583, p < .001, [eta]p2 = .135; Obsession-compulsion, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 4.083, p < .001, [eta]p2 = .159; Interpersonal sensitivity, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.055,p < .05, [eta]p2 = .087; Depression, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.561, p < .01, [eta]p2 = .102; Anxiety, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.395, p < .05, [eta]p2 = .092; Phobic anxiety, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 3.492, p < .001, [eta]p2 = .127; Psychoticism, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 1.991, p < .05, np2 = .079; PTSD, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.661, p < .01, pp2 = .122; GSI, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 3.097, p <0.001, [eta]p2 = .124; And PSDI, [F.sub.(14.371)] = 2.765, p < .05, np2 = .097.
Effect of gender and marital status on somatization
symptoms of immigrants from various ethnic groups attending a primary care service.
It is important to note that the "at-risk" category includes very low somatization
scores, and therefore, for the purposes of the present analysis, this category will be considered as "non-distressed".
Resistant patients with confirmed somatization
disorders might accept psychiatric care as a means of dealing with the stress or pain of their physical symptoms.
Conclusion: The results indicated an intimate association between alexithymia and somatization
in depressed patients.
(2012) suggest this treatment model may influence better short-term and long-term outcomes for patients with somatization
Table 3 revealed that the mean values obtained for the Somatization
Emotional conflict variable by unmarried (N= 105) and married (N= 345) were, 36.90 and 36.07 and the corresponding standard deviation were 15.87 and 16.85.
The Children's Somatization
Inventory (CSI) (23) self-report instrument evaluates the occurrence of somatisation symptoms in children and adolescents.