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1. the body as distinguished from the mind.
2. the body tissue as distinguished from the germ cells.
3. the cell body. adj., adj so´mal, somat´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.



Pharmacologic class: Carbamate derivative

Therapeutic class: Centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant

Controlled substance schedule IV (in some states)

Pregnancy risk category C


Unknown. May modify central perception of pain without modifying pain reflexes. Skeletal muscle relaxation may result from sedative properties or from inhibition of activity in descending reticular formation and spinal cord.


Tablets: 250 mg, 350 mg

Indications and dosages

Adjunctive treatment of muscle spasms associated with acute painful musculoskeletal conditions

Adults: 350 mg P.O. q.i.d.

Relief of discomfort associated with acute painful musculoskeletal conditions

Adults: 250 to 350 mg P.O. t.i.d. and at bedtime


• Hypersensitivity to drug or meprobamate

• Porphyria or suspected porphyria


Use cautiously in:

• severe hepatic or renal disease

• history of substance abuse

• pregnant or breastfeeding patients

• children ages 12 and younger.


• Give last daily dose at bedtime.

• Administer with food if GI upset occurs.

• If patient can't swallow tablets, mix with syrup, chocolate, or jelly.

Adverse reactions

CNS: dizziness, drowsiness, agitation, ataxia, depression, headache, insomnia, vertigo, tremor, depression

CV: hypotension, tachycardia

GI: nausea, vomiting, epigastric distress

Hematologic: eosinophilia, leukopenia

Respiratory: asthma attacks

Skin: flushing (especially of face), rash, pruritus, erythema multiforme

Other: hiccups, fever, psychological drug dependence, anaphylactic shock


Drug-drug. Antihistamines, opioids, sedative-hypnotics: additive CNS depression

Drug-diagnostic tests. Eosinophils: increased count

Drug-herbs. Chamomile, hops, kava, skullcap, valerian: increased CNS depression

Drug-behaviors. Alcohol use: increased CNS depression

Patient monitoring

• When giving to breastfeeding patient, watch for signs of sedation and GI upset in infant.

• Monitor range of motion, stiffness, and discomfort level.

• Know that drug is metabolized to meprobamate. Monitor for drug dependence, especially in patients with history of substance abuse.

Patient teaching

• Tell patient that psychological drug dependence may occur.

• Instruct patient to avoid over-the-counter drugs and alcohol, because they may increase CNS depression.

• Caution patient to avoid driving and other hazardous activities until he knows how drug affects concentration and alertness.

• As appropriate, review all other significant and life-threatening adverse reactions and interactions, especially those related to the drugs, tests, herbs, and behaviors mentioned above.

McGraw-Hill Nurse's Drug Handbook, 7th Ed. Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved


1. The axial part of the body, that is, head, neck, trunk, and tail, excluding the limbs.
See also: body.
2. All of an organism with the exception of the germ cells.
See also: body.
3. The body of a nerve cell, from which axons and dendrites project.
[G. sōma, body]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012


n. pl. so·mata (-mə-tə) or so·mas
1. The entire body of an organism, exclusive of the germ cells.
2. See cell body.
3. The body of an individual as contrasted with the mind or psyche.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


Carisoprodol and meprobamate, see there.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.


1. The axial part of the body, i.e., head, neck, trunk, and tail, excluding the limbs.
2. All of an organism with the exception of the germ cells.
See also: body
3. The body of a nerve cell, from which axons and dendrites project.
[G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012


the body of an animal excluding the germinal cells that give rise to the gametes.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005


1. Axial part of the body, i.e., head, neck, trunk, and tail, excluding limbs.
2. All of an organism except germ cells.
[G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about soma

Q. what are the side effects from taking soma and flexerill together? the person who takes it is almost comatos for a couple of hours. What is a substition?

A. Both medication cause drowsiness in high frequency and both are not recommended together with other medications that may cause drowsiness. However, I know practically nothing about the patient in this case, so in my opinion consulting his or her doctor may be wise - trying to solve this problem over the net is both inaccurate and irresponsible in my opinion,

Take care,

More discussions about soma
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References in periodicals archive ?
You have placed a speech full of praise on the two, the couple who wait on (you), holding out the ladle; unopposed, he lives and thrives in your rule (vrata); (your) good power is for the worshiper who presses (soma for you).
Living in Indra's vrata here implies pressing the soma and making offerings of it.
5) and to the commencing of a Soma sacrifice (using the technical term atiratra in v.
Moreover, it makes sense to speak of the lowing cow as announcing the imminent offerings both to the gods and to the yajamana (the dasvas): her lowing as she is brought to be milked signals the start of the yajamana's diksa fast, whic h, in turn, marks the start of the soma ritual.
(45) The gharama is mentioned in the Rg Veda; it was probably an independent rite, but was later made ancillary to the soma ritual.
Considering that the draft-ox has earlier been identified with Indra, there is reason to think the soma sacrifice is meant.
Here, perhaps, the vrata is not simply commitment to ritual practice, but a formal ritualized consecration for worship--viz., the disksa observed by the soma worshiper for the duration of the ceremonies.
Certain verses--particularly those devoted to Agni, Soma, and Indra, the primary recipients of sacrificial offerings--require a reading of vrata as a routine practice of sacrificial service which the patron of the offering has an obligation to perform.