"After just three weeks in space, the human soleus muscle
shrinks by a third," said Dr Marie Mortreux, lead author of the study.
The soleus muscle
and spinal cord were immediately weighed.
However, we observed no additional effect of electrical stimulation to the gastrocnemius muscle after BTX-A injection which was administered to the gastrocnemius and soleus muscles
in this patient population.
The dissected gastrocnemius and soleus muscle
were weighted, homogenised in lysis buffer containing 10mM Tris-HCl (pH 7.8), 150mM NaCl, 1mM EDTA, 1% Nonidet P-40, and protease inhibitors.
In relation to the soleus muscle
, there was a significant increase in the fibers of all the trained groups (ATS, ATT, RTW, and RTC) in relation to group C (p>0.01).
In contrast, the soleus muscle
has oxidative fibers predominance and a slow-twitch fibers majority (Table 1).
The accessory soleus muscle
usually arises from the soleal line of the tibia  and it inserts in one of five common patterns onto the calcaneal tendon or calcaneus .
A bipolar silver-silver chloride surface electrode with 1 cm diameter and a fixed 2 cm interelectrode distance was placed over the soleus muscle
at the junction of lower 1/3rd and upper 2/3rd of the lower leg, medial to the midline of the posterior calf, below the bulk of the gastrocnemius muscle.
Nikolaidou, "Intramuscular myxoma of the soleus muscle
: a rare tumor in an unusual location," American Journal of Case Reports, vol.
The intramuscular fat content was analyzed in the soleus muscle
in intact cellular membranes with a computer-assisted morphometric system (Leica Quantimet 500, Cambridge, UK) able to measure the red wavelength.
The serum and soleus muscle
were collected and stored at -80[degrees]C until analysis.
Whilst the genetic reduction of Seps1 resulted in moderate changes in the inflammatory profile of the dystrophic fast-twitch EDL muscle, the inflammatory profile of the slow-twitch soleus muscle
was not changed (Supplementary Figure 2).