Solanum

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Solanum

[sō·lā′nəm]
Etymology: L, nightshade
a large genus of plants of the family Solanaceae. It includes the potato, tomato, eggplant, several of the nightshades, and many poisonous and medicinal species.

Solanum

a widespread plant genus of the family Solanaceae which contains a number of valuable crop plants but also some poisonous ones. Poisoning may be due to (1) the presence in the plant of toxic glycoalkaloids which cause diarrhea, (2) alkamines, e.g. nitrosamines, which cause neuromuscular signs of incoordination, and the 'crazy cow' syndrome, or (3) calcinogenic glycosides which cause excessive deposition of calcium in tissues.
Solanaceous plants which may cause diarrhea syndrome include Solanum aculeastrum, S. americanum, S. aviculare, S. capsiciforme, S. capsicoides, S. carolinense, S. cinereum, S. dulcamara, S. elaeagnifolium, S. incanum, S. laciniatum, S. mauritianum, S. melongena, S. nigrum, S. panduriforme, S. pseudocapsicum, S. quadriloculatum, S. rostratum, S. seaforthianum, S. simile, S. sturtianum, S. symonii, S. triflorum, S. vescum.
Solanaceous plants which cause nervous syndromes include Solanum bonariensis, S. dimidiatum, S. fastigiatum, S. kwebense, S. luederitzii, S. lycopersicum, S. tenuiramosum, S. upingtoniae.
Solanaceous plants causing calcinosis include S. linneanum (S. hermanii, S. sodomaeum), S. malocoxylon (S. glaucophyllum), S. torvum.
Solanaceous plants causing miscellaneous syndromes include S. carolinense (inflammation of the mouth and esophagus), S. tuberosum (the common potato), which can cause carbohydrate engorgement. Eating of large quantities over a long period causes dermatitis of the lower limbs. Greened and sprouted potato tubers contain solanine and cause poisoning if fed without cooking or paring.
References in periodicals archive ?
Formation of 2n megagametophytes in diploid tuber-bearing Solanums.
Occurrence of2n pollen and ps gene frequencies in cultivated groups and their related wild species in the tuber-bearing Solanums.
Solanum viarum: weed reservoir of plant viruses in Florida.
Risk assessment of Gratiana boliviana (Chrysomelidae), a potential biocontrol agent of tropical soda apple, Solanum viarum (Solanaceae) in the USA, pp.
Keywords: QTL, Solanum, frost hardiness, aclimation, genetic mapping.
La papa cultivada, Solanum tuberosum, tiene muy poca resistencia al frio, mientras que muchas de las especies silvestres, que no producen tuberculos o estos son pequenos, son mucho mas resistentes (Chen y Li 1980).
Solanum is one of the largest genera of flowering plants, with some 1000-2000 species occurring worldwide (D'Arcy, 1991; Nee, 1999).
Para el genero Solanum, el protocolo de extraccion de ADN reportado en la literatura corresponde al basado en Bromuro de Cetilmetilamonio (CTAB) de Doyle y Doyle (1987) el cual se ha utilizado con buenos resultados en la extraccion de ADN de otros generos de la familia Solanaceae y tambien en especies de la familia Juncaceae (Drabkova et al.
Andromonoecy, Leptostemonum, placentation, seed number, Solanum, South America.
Partial resistance to blight (Phytophthora infestans) in hybrid progenies of four South American Solanum species crossed with diploid S.
A random genomic library from the wild potato Solanum phureja Juz.