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(sō′lə-nēn′, -nĭn) also


A bitter poisonous alkaloid, C45H73NO15, found in potatoes and other plants of the nightshade family. It has narcotic properties and was formerly used to treat epilepsy.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


A toxic alkaloid found in parts of solanaceous plants, including potato skins; plant diseases (e.g., potato blight) may raise the concentration to a harmful level.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
The following drugs were used to execute the experimental protocols: Croton oil, hexadecyltrimethylammonium bromide (HTAB), tetramethylbenzidine (TMB), dexamethasone, rutin, gallic acid, ascorbic acid, chlorogenic acid, rosmarinic acid, solanine, DPPH, ammonium phosphate monobasic (all from Sigma, St.
Summary: Solanine found in them causes diarrhoea, vomiting, cramps, and several other illnesses
The light exposure that promotes chlorophyll production usually increases the formation of solanine, a naturally occurring poison that tastes distinctly bitter.
All parts of this plant (Solanum pseudocapsicum), including its red and yellow berries, contain the toxin solanine that can produce severe gastrointestinal irritation and central nervous system disorders such as depression and seizures.
However, the cultivated potato contains low glycoalkaloid levels, typically only solanine and chaconine, suggesting these bitter compounds were selected against during domestication (Johns & Alonso, 1990).
Principle glycoalkaloids present in potato are a-chaconine and a- solanine (Freidman and McDonald 1997).
Nightshade vegetables are also high in an alkaloid called solanine, which, when consumed in high amounts, has been linked to inflammation.
There was 0.06% solanine content of shade dried potato plants obtained from feed troughs caused leg and udder dermatitis in cattle (Somavanshi et al., 1992).
And so it was that Johann Sebastian Lunasa found himself on a plane bound for South America, where he met with a Lord Crispin Solanine IV, and they drove through the night to a hotel in need of a paint job on the outskirts of a dusty town.
While nightshade foods are rich in healthy antioxidants, they contain an alkaloid called solanine, a natural insect defense mechanism that's concentrated mostly in leaves and stems.