soil

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soil

(soyl),
Dirt.

soil

the uppermost layer of the earth's crust that supports the majority of terrestrial plant life together with many animals and microorganisms. Soil derives from the erosion of the rock strata and contains minerals and variable amounts of organic material derived from organisms which live or have lived upon it. Soils are affected by climate, living organisms, parent rock, relief, groundwater and age, and usually contain various ‘horizons’, the succession of which is called the ‘soil profile’. MULL soils tend to be alkaline and ‘Mor’ soils acid. Soils may be heavy clay, loam (sand and clay), peaty (large amounts of dead plant material), chalky light or sandy
References in classic literature ?
I planted about two acres and a half of upland; and as it was only about fifteen years since the land was cleared, and I myself had got out two or three cords of stumps, I did not give it any manure; but in the course of the summer it appeared by the arrowheads which I turned up in hoeing, that an extinct nation had anciently dwelt here and planted corn and beans ere white men came to clear the land, and so, to some extent, had exhausted the soil for this very crop.
"After having chosen the soil, and, if it be necessary, modified it, we will divide our three bulbs; you will take one and plant it, on the day that I will tell you, in the soil chosen by me.
He never worked in it and found the soil unpacked and tractable without experiencing the thrill of accomplishment.
But ever the persistent soil remains for others to scrawl themselves across.
At the bottom of the immense cavity burrowed hundreds of small extinguished craters, riddling the soil like a colander, and overlooked by a peak
They went around and gathered every bit of soil they could find, gleaned it and even stole it by the shovelful or handful, and carried it up the mountains on their backs and built farms--BUILT them, MADE them, on the naked rock.
The soil in the neighborhood of the sea-coast is of a brown color, inclining to red, and generally poor; being a mixture of clay and gravel.
"Child of the soil! Well, we all are children of the soil.
It was finally agreed, then, that the Columbiad must be cast on the soil of either Texas or Florida.
The case of the sailor's body perfectly preserved in the icy soil of the South Shetland Islands (lat.
So he moderated the flame of his cylinder, and the balloon, in a few moments, had descended to an altitude only three hundred feet above the soil.
A soiled, unshaven man pushed open the door and entered.