This may be attributed to the closer packing of atoms to the formation of strong structure, where the titanium forms some new interconnections within the glass network because it has a large electrical charge (+4).Also it is shown that the density of the glass- ceramic was higher than that of the equivalent glass (soda lime glass).
Figures(7, 8, 9 and 10) show the X-ray diffraction patterns for the produced glass ceramic samples from soda lime glass with different percentages of titanium dioxide (0,3,6 and 10 % wt.
Molybdenum (Mo) thin films were grown on soda lime glass using a direct current (dc) magnetron sputtering system.
Substrate Soda lime glass (25 x 25 x 1 mm) Target Molybdenum (99.95% purity) Gas Argon (99.95% purity) Base pressure 4 x [10.sup.-6] Torr Substrate-to-target distance 85 mm Substrate rotation speed 10 rpm Level Sputtering parameter 1 2 3 A Working pressure (mTorr) 3 8 13 B dc power (W) 200 300 400 C Substrate temperature Room 100 200 ([degrees]C) Table 2: The [L.sub.9] ([3.sup.3]) orthogonal array with three columns and nine rows.
For every mole of C[O.sub.2] that is chemically bound to soda lime, a mole of water is formed that is subsequently evaporated during drying.
Edwards' 1982 paper includes empirical data on known additions of C[O.sub.2] to soda lime that support his conclusion.