Singapore sociology, as I know from experience, is very cut off from other regional Southeast Asian sociologies
, and while this book admirably documents the huge productivity of Singapore-based sociologists, both native and expatriate, and does much to combat the historical amnesia in Singapore of which it rightly complains, it also illustrates some of the directions in which a creative Singapore sociology might go: towards a greater globality, a firmer grasp of theoretical debates on the international scale, away from its preoccupation with methodologies, especially those of a very positivist kind, and with more consideration for the alternative voices that fall outside of institutionalized Singapore sociology.
Second, as I shall argue, Canadian sociology is uniquely placed to develop a public sociology in synergy with advances in professional, policy, and critical sociologies
, and in step with John Porter's appeal over 40 years ago.
At some level, the notions of poststructural and postmodern sociology are oxymorons: Postmodernism and poststructuralism, like critical theory, resist their integration into a highly differentiated, hierarchicalized, technical discipline that defines itself largely with reference to the original sociologies
of Comte, Durkheim, and Weber, who established the positivist study of social facts and separated the vocations of science and politics.
As in the US, professional sociology dominates to this day particularly since around 1980, although the precise balance between the various types of sociologies
in Canada is a topic of some controversy and research (see e.
While we are interested in the institutional organization of actual and potential global sociologies
, our primary goal is to ask how the communicative spaces of these projects might be organized.
Il peut paraitre paradoxal que les revendications de sociologies
plus << locales >> emergent simultanement au processus de mondialisation.
Jonathan Turner (2005:28) accurately summarizes the point in explaining that the raison d'etre for critical sociology consists of questioning "the moral vision and foundational assumptions of all other sociologies
, but particularly professional sociology (committed to science).
These approaches are not necessarily mutually exclusive, of course, even if most authors of this special issue have tended to adopt the first point of view by attempting to empirically study past and contemporary sociologies
There is another factor related to the question of national sociologies
that is worth further consideration.
We suspect further investigation would reveal the periodic presence of crisis talk in other national sociologies
The article presents "possible sociologies
for Canada: pride versus prejudice or prejudice without pride?
In addition, comparative analysis of national sociologies
and the crisis of the discipline in small nations similar to Canada, as well as in France and Germany would be essential for a full analysis of the problem and possible solutions for sociology in comparative perspective, the theme of the 2005 meetings of The American Sociological Association.