sociobiology

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sociobiology

 [so″se-o-bi-ol´ah-je]
the branch of theoretical biology that proposes that animal (including human) behavior has a biological basis controlled by the genes. adj., adj sociobiolog´ical.

sociobiology

/so·cio·bi·ol·o·gy/ (so″se-o-bi-ol´ah-je) the branch of theoretical biology that proposes that animal (including human) behavior has a biological basis controlled by the genes.sociobiolog´icsociobiolog´ical

sociobiology

(sō′sē-ō-bī-ŏl′ə-jē, -shē-)
n.
The study of the biological determinants of social behavior, based on the theory that such behavior is often genetically transmitted and subject to evolutionary processes.

so′ci·o·bi′o·log′i·cal (-bī′ə-lŏj′ĭ-kəl) adj.
so′ci·o·bi·ol′o·gist n.

sociobiology

[sō′sē·ō′bī·ol′əjē]
Etymology: L, socius, companion; Gk, bios, life, logos, science
the systematic study of biology as a basis for human behavior. Proponents contend that disease, stress, and aggression are natural pressures for maintaining an optimal level of population.

sociobiology

the explanation of social behaviour in terms of evolutionary theory
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References in periodicals archive ?
In taking a younger, more fertile wife, Jason certainly was behaving in accord with sociobiological expectations of his gender, but not in accord with Greek cultural norms, which, though biased to privilege male biological values and concerns, did not generally encourage serial polygamy.
A second important aspect of the position which deserves attention but does not get it is the seeming tension between the sociobiological view of morality as based in altruism with the Greek conception of morality which is based on individual flourishing.
She argues that the phenomenon of microchimerism has provided a new context (and revived life) for old forms of reductionism common in sociobiological discourse during the 1970s and 80s, and soundly critiqued by early feminist STS.
The need for particular care in scrutinizing any temptation to ascribe purpose to genes or to "nature," even metaphorically, becomes the more important as one moves to consider the other main plank of Wilson's sociobiological program: "biologicizing" ethics.
This behavior, on the other hand, may be understood on sociobiological grounds as a simple threat not so much to the order in a classroom, but a threat to the teacher's self-esteem and position of authority (Persson, 2008).
Although sociobiological arguments have been occasionally used [as proof of racial inferiority] this type of criticism [of sociobiology] is not only analytically weak but is often very counterproductive.
Contrary to dominant narrative and developmentalist standards, it is only when her body does not portend racial purity, heteroreproductivity, and adulthood--but is instead seen as capable of sociobiological exchange that ratifies none of the above--that any kind of future becomes visible.
After concluding that Marx's ideal is incompatible with sociobiological and economist perspectives, Rebecca reaches a workable integration that borrows insights from each tradition: a society that recognizes its ties to human biology but overcomes undesired biological impulse through the power of culture and ideology.
It could be impossible when the full range of human emotions are considered - of the biologically built in short-sightedness that helped our ancestors survive in an all 'natural' world, of the sociobiological interpretations that indicate that humans are designed to fluctuate between altruism and deadly hostility as mechanisms for survival.
In combination with the physiological wiring, evolutionary theory, sometimes referred to as sociobiological theory, explains sexual behavior on the basis of human evolution.
Particularly influential was the work of Terrence Des Pres in the 1970s, which fused sociobiological claims about human adaptability with Erving Goffmann's claims about the role-playing nature of social existence.
Despite her appeal to selected bits of evolutionary psychology, Zunshine strongly emphasizes the "cognitive" aspect of her views, muting and minimizing their sociobiological affiliations.