Theories include Maslow's hierarchy of needs, flow, mindfulness, personality trait and type theory, theory of mind and emotional intelligence, resilience, groupthink, attractiveness theory, behavioral interviewing, social loafing
theory, social learning theory, and organizational justice.
In this study, we investigate how the effects of social loafing
and social comparison affect team performance when teams engage in anonymous and asynchronous electronic ideation.
The correlation between perceived course importance and social loafing
was also examined.
Any member of public interested in health and fitness; exercise and sport or wants to understand what the obscure terms mean, like jogger's nipple, social loafing
, and Zatopek phenomenon will also benefit from this book.
issues such as free-riding and the sucker effect exist.
is a motivational/cognitive state in which an individual sees little merit in working within a group despite being one of its members.
Referred to as social loafing
in the social psychology literature, it is the tendency for people to take on less responsibility when their efforts are pooled in pursuit of a shared goal compared with responsibility on individually assigned tasks (Sweeney 1973; Ingham et al.
, also called free-riding, is another potential pitfall of brainstorming activities.
Whereas social loafing
and social facilitation have been empirically linked in past experiments, social loafing
and deindividuation have not.
The concepts of deindividuation and social loafing
suggest ways to promote the positive effects of anonymity and deal with its challenges.
The phenomenon that average individual performance decreases with increasing group size has become known as the Ringelmann Effect or, more recently, social loafing
That is, social loafing
is more prominent when no external competitors exist to create a demand for action or evaluation.