anthropology

(redirected from social anthropology)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

anthropology

 [an″thro-pol´o-je]
the study of human beings and their development, including their customs and practices, that is based on an understanding of the contexts from which observations about human activities are derived. adj., adj anthropolog´ical.
applied anthropology the use of anthropological approaches and knowledge to influence human behavior or encourage change (including economic development) in the living patterns of different cultural groups.
physical anthropology the field of anthropology that focuses on human physical characteristics.
sociocultural anthropology the field of anthropology that focuses on shared patterns of behavior and on customary, agreed-upon solutions that influence behavior; it also includes the study of interactions between individuals.

an·thro·pol·o·gy

(an'thrō-pol'ō-jē),
The branch of science concerned with the origin and development of humans in all their physical, social, and cultural relationships.
[anthropo- + G. logos, treatise]

anthropology

/an·thro·pol·o·gy/ (an″thro-pol´o-je) the science that treats of human beings and their origins, historical and cultural development, and races.

anthropology

Etymology: Gk, anthropos, human, logos, science
the science of human beings, from animal-like characteristics to social and environmental aspects.

anthropology

The study of the origin of modern man.

Most of the major steps in human evolution are thought to have occurred in Africa; the human ancestor may have split around 3 million years ago from an ancestor that shared many anatomic and biochemical features with the African great apes.

Anthropology timetable, Homo sapiens 
• 100,000 BC—Homo sapiens had a 1400 cc cranial capacity (CC); at the time, the planet’s population was 2 million. The Neanderthal is thought to have lived from 250,000–30,000 BC, and may have coexisted with the tall, more gracile progenitor of modern man, the Cro-magnon. The australopithicene ape-men and/or Homo habilis were though to have evolved into H erectus, an arguably distinct species that later developed into H sapiens.
• 1,000,000 BC—Homo erectus had a 900–1100 cc CC, was the first known human ancestor to walk fully erect, used and made tools and invented fire.
▪ 2–8,000,000 BC—Man began to walk fully erect, had formed the primitive family unit of male breadwinner and female homemaker; females had developed continuous sexual availability, which was hormone-dependent rather than seasonal (i.e., estrus cycling). 
• 2,000,000 BC—Australopithecus split, one branch died; by 1,500,000 BC, the other had begun to kill for meals. Homo habilis had a 500-750 cc CC, was < 1.5 m tall, had an ape-like jaw, used tools, killed and ate raw meat, and used iron-based pigments for painting. 
• 4,000,000 BC—Australopithecus africanus, the earliest hominid from Africa, had a 450–500 cc CC, measured 1.2 m in height, had bipedal locomotion, but did not make or use tools. 
• 15,000,000 BC—Ramapithecus, the oldest hominid, with a 350 cc CC, was a vegetarian, walked on all fours with less dependence on the upper extremities, and spread from Africa to Southeast Asia; orangutans and gorillas ceased to evolve. 
• 36,000,000 BC—Dryopithecus, the hirsute, tree-climbing herbivorous ancestor of all primates, with a 200 cc CC.

an·thro·pol·o·gy

(an'thrŏ-pol'ŏ-jē)
The scientific study of human beings with respect to physical features, classification, distribution, and social and cultural relationships.
[anthropo- + G. logos, treatise]

anthropology

The science of humankind, and of human cultural differences, from the earliest times to the present. Anthropology is thus a very wide subject, concerned not simply with the less familiar human groups but with every aspect of humankind in a social context. Increasingly, anthropology overlaps the social sciences, but, at the same time, preserves a certain detachment from concern with the more utilitarian aspects of such studies, as befits one of the basic sciences. Cultural anthropology, or ethnology, is a comparative study of cultural systems and includes concern with early archeology, religion, myth, political and economic systems and language. Other branches of cultural anthropology include psychological, legal and urban anthropology. The observation, recording and analysis of anthropological data in the course of ‘field work’ is called ethnography. Physical anthropology is the study of human evolution, including recent diversification of humans. Social anthropology covers the whole field of humans in their social context.

Anthropology

The study of the origins, biological characteristics, beliefs, and social customs of human beings.
Mentioned in: Couvade Syndrome

an·thro·pol·o·gy

(an'thrŏ-pol'ŏ-jē)
Branch of science concerned with origin and development of humans in all their physical, social, and cultural relationships.
[anthropo- + G. logos, treatise]

anthropology,

n the science of human beings ranging from physical characteristics to cultural, social, and environmental aspects.
anthropology, cultural,
n the study of the interpersonal and community mores of a society or isolate.
anthropology, physical,
n the study of the physical attributes of a society or isolate.
References in periodicals archive ?
Besides discussing many recent works of social anthropology, it draws on the rich Christian tradition, including Augustine's writings, medieval devotional history, and selected masterpieces from the history of Western Christian art (included as color plates).
What is in this article discussed as a European divide between ethnology (in CEE) and social anthropology (British), exists also as an internal national divide in several European countries: e.
The UPAFS aims to train senior Bachelor of Arts students in Anthropology on field techniques in archaeology, social anthropology, and physical anthropology.
Here he lays out the theoretical premises involved in social anthropology and tests them against aspects of African culture with full cognizance of social change.
The project has also published several books, including a new collection entitled Camaristas: Mayan Photographers from Chiapas (published by the Center of Higher Studies in Social Anthropology of Southeast Mexico).
Subjects include archaeology, cultural and social anthropology, biological and physical anthropology, linguistics, sociology, history, economics, art history, religious studies, music area studies (Latin American, Africa, East Asia), and African-American studies.
as the itte page of the 1935 edition valorizes his professional qualifications) is interesting because he praises Hurston's work as valuable to students of cultural history," rather than putting his imprimatur, in direct terms, on Mules and Men as a scientific work of social anthropology (8).
Among his other books are North American Indians of the Plains (1912), Man and Culture (1922), Social Anthropology (1929), and Indians of the United States (1940).
degrees in Social Anthropology and Cultural Anthropology from the Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales (EHESS), Paris.
It considers his impact on anthropologists, his journey from British social anthropology toward a vision of a new anthropology, and the Mead debates, covering FreemanAEs intellectual life, including his motivations, accusations about his state of mind, and the quality of his relationships, then the Mead debate, the effects of his book Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological Myth on American media, and the controversy during his life and after his death.
They were acclaimed historian of Middle East and Islamic History at Columbia University Prof Richard Bulliet, Ryerson University's associate professor in the History of Science and Technology Dr Ingrid Hehmeyer, University of Vienna's Professor of Social Anthropology and director of the Institute for Social Anthropology at the Austrian Academy Dr Andre Gingrich, Leadership Chair in Language at the University of Leeds and Fellow of the British Academy Dr Janet C E Watson, and Professor of International Affairs and Head of the International Affairs Department at Bush School of Government and Public Service in Texas A&M University Dr F Gregory Gause.

Full browser ?