small intestinal bacterial overgrowth


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A condition characterised by nausea, vomiting, bloating, flatulence, diarrhoea, and steatorrhoea linked to a relative increase in bacteria in GI content which over time may be result in malnutrition
Diagnosis Jejunum aspirate with > 105 bacteria/ml
Risk factors Proton pump inhibitors, anatomic defects—e.g., fistulas, diverticula, blind loops, resection of ileo-cecal valve
Management Antibiotics, given in short cycles to prevent resistance

small intestinal bacterial overgrowth

,

SIBO

Excessive concentrations of colonic bacteria (exceeding 100,000 microorganisms per mL) within the duodenum or jejunum. SIBO may produce abdominal pain, bloating, and diarrhea owing to malabsorption. Synonym: small bowel bacterial overgrowth
References in periodicals archive ?
Eradication of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth reduces symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, a condition associated with excessive numbers of bacteria in the small intestine, may underlie some of the gastrointestinal symptoms associated with IBS.
The GI treatment works indirectly by using off-label rifaximin for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
Small Intestinal Bacterial Overgrowth (SIBO) in Patients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome (IBS); A Retrospective Review of Symptoms Following Treatment.
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth recurrence after antibiotic therapy.
Lombardo and his colleagues noted that the symptoms of IBS--including bloating, diarrhea, and constipation-frequently overlap with the symptoms of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO).
Basu's decision to use rifaximin was prompted by an independent study in 13 patients with IBS and a positive lactulose breath test, an indicator of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth, in which rifaximin 1,200 mg/day for 10 days was associated with at least an 80% improvement from baseline in RLS symptoms in 10 patients and a "great" or "moderate" global GI symptom improvement in 11 patients (Dig.
evaluated the potential benefits of a comprehensive treatment protocol for small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) patients.
Lactose malabsorption in the elderly: role of small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
investigated the efficacy and tolerability of XIFAXAN in relieving symptoms and normalizing the glucose breath test (GBT) in patients with small intestinal bacterial overgrowth.
2) Other causes or correlative factors that have been associated with rosacea are the dysregulation of the cutaneous innate immunity, overgrowth of the Demodex folliculorum mite in the skin, small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIB0), Helicobacter pylori infection, and increased vitamin D3 signaling.
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