There was no association between nutritional adequacy parameters and albumin with triceps skinfold thickness
adequacy (P=0.66), with arm circumference adequacy (P=0.92), and with BMI (P=0.37).
Two selected equations using two skinfold thickness
, one circumference, height, and age, showed a good adjusted determination coefficient (adjusted [r.sup.2]) and a low standard error of the estimate (SEE).
The accuracy showed with this equation in our study could be explained by the number of skinfold thicknesses
employed and the whole body representativeness from these skinfolds and because they also employed DXA as the reference method.
values can also be introduced into predictive mathematical formulae to derive body fat indices like percentage body fat and hence derive fat mass and fat-free mass .
Other inexpensive anthropometric measures such as triceps skinfold thickness
and SST might also be of interest.
The triceps skinfold thickness
presented a distribution of mean values significally lower in the males, when compared to the females (8.60 mm vs.
Abdominal skinfold thickness
, mid arm circumference, maximum forearm circumference, and body mass index were significantly higher in diabetics than non-diabetics (P < 0.005).
The triceps, biceps, subscapular, chest, thigh, abdominal, suprailiac skinfold thickness
of the subjects was measured with skin-fold calipers (Harpenden) on non-dominant side.
The athletes underwent basic anthropometric measurements, analysis of body composition, and anthropometric determination of the percentage of body fat mass based on the skinfold thickness
, as well as dynamometric measurement of muscle strength.
We considered as eligible all studies applying any available method to estimate the body fat (BF), such as BMI, skinfold thickness
, fat mass index (FMI) and adiposity index (AI).
We measured weight, height, hip and waist circumference, and skinfold thickness
in early and mid-childhood, using procedures that have been published elsewhere (Boeke et al.
The nutritional assessment was made by the measurement of weight, height, both considered the gold standard in this study, and the measurements required for the calculation of the predictive equations: arm circumference (AC), waist circumference (WC), calf circumference (CC), knee height (KH) and subscapular skinfold thickness