Finally, we examined the influence of adjusting for neonatal skinfold thickness
on associations between air pollutants and birth weight.
8) Skinfold thickness
was measured to the nearest millimeter using the Lange caliper (Cambridge Industries, Maryland) at the following sites: triceps, biceps, sub-scapular and supra-iliac.
Among the anthropometric variables, body mass, skinfold thickness
at axillar, subscapular, abdominal, and suprailiacal sites, the sum of nine skinfolds, and percentage body fat were related to race performance.
Two-way ANOVA were used to determine main effects and interactions of age group and sex on physical activity, skinfold thickness
, and skin temperature.
was evaluated using a Harpendon skinfold caliper (Creative Health Products, Ann Arbor, Michigan) at three standard sites (men: chest, triceps, and subscapular, women: triceps, suprailiac, and thigh) according to guidelines prescribed by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM; 2006).
Measures of body fat distribution include hip and waist circumference, and skinfold thickness
at the abdomen, triceps, suprailiac crest, and thigh.
and circumference measurements showed excellent test-retest reliability, with the ICC estimates exceeding 0.
Assessment of skinfold thickness
and circumferences is cost effective, but requires proper training for reliable measurements.
Subscapular skinfold thickness
was measured at the natural fold ~2-3 mm below the shoulder blade at an oblique angle.
2], reduced muscle mass, and decreased skinfold thickness
Relation of circumferences and skinfold thickness
to lipid and insulin concentrations in children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study.
Measurements of skinfold thickness
at the triceps and subscapular sites were performed using skinfold calipers (Beta Technology Inc.