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According to the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), "minutiae describes the location on a fingerprint where a friction skin ridge begins, terminates, or splits into two or more ridges." Minutiae has been chosen as the biometric to be used on the new federal ID card, in part because minutiae templates are only a fraction the size of fingerprints and require less bandwidth when transmitted.
The minimum number (and arrangement) of features for uniqueness and the amount of detail necessary for evaluation in everyday friction skin ridge comparisons may not be the same.
In some instances, soil conditions were such that dermatoglyphics, or skin ridge details, were preserved in the footprints and transferred to the casts.
Fingerprint identification, also referred to as dactyloscopy is the process of comparing questioned and known friction skin ridge impressions from fingers, palms, and toes to determine if the impressions are from the same finger or palm and toe.
In recent tests, scientists from Newcastle University in England confirmed there is a benefit to those clammy skin ridges. Experiments show the wrinkles improve our fingers' ability to grasp wet, slippery objects.
The suit's fabric replicates the shark's skin ridges allowing the swimmer to move through the water faster.