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hydrogen ion concentration
storage lesionTransfusion medicine The constellation of changes occurring in a unit of packed red cells during storage. See Red cell preservatives.
pH[Ger. Potenz, power + H, symbol for hydrogen]
|Pure water (neutral) at 25°C||7.0|
pHAn expression, widely used in medicine, of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. pH is the logarithm to the base 10 of the concentration of free hydrogen ions in moles per litre, expressed as a positive number. The pH scale ranges from 0 to 14. Neutrality is 7. Figures below 7 indicate acidity, increasing towards zero; figures rising above 7 indicate increasing alkalinity. The pH of body fluids, in health, is accurately maintained between about 7.3 to 7.5. Below this range the condition of acidosis exists; above it, alkalosis. Both are dangerous.
pHa measure of the hydrogen ion concentration in an aqueous solution. The formula is:
The formula produces a value in which the higher the number of H+ ions the lower the pH reading. The scale of pH values is from 1.0 (highly acid) to 14 (highly alkaline) with 7.0 as the neutral point. Since the pH is logarithmic, each change of one pH unit means a tenfold change in the number of hydrogen ions. pH can be measured by using indicators which change colour with changing pH, or by electrical means using a pH meter.