skin graft

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graft

 [graft]
1. any tissue or organ for implantation or transplantation.
2. to implant or transplant such tissues. This term is preferred over transplant in the case of skin grafts. See also implant.
allogeneic graft allograft.
autodermic graft (autoepidermic graft) a skin graft taken from the patient's own body.
autologous graft (autoplastic graft) a graft taken from another area of the patient's own body; called also autograft.
avascular graft a graft of tissue in which not even transient vascularization is achieved.
bone graft bone transplanted from one site to another.
bypass graft an autograft consisting of a segment of vein or artery grafted into place in a bypass.
cable graft a nerve graft made up of several sections of nerve in the manner of a cable.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) see under bypass.
cutis graft dermal graft.
delayed graft a skin graft that is sutured back into its bed and subsequently used after several days.
dermal graft (dermic graft) a skin graft of dermis, used instead of fascia in various plastic procedures.
epidermic graft a skin graft in which a piece of epidermis is implanted on a raw surface.
fascia graft a graft of fibrous tissue, usually taken from the external investing fascia of the lower limb (fascia lata).
fascicular graft a nerve graft in which bundles of nerve fibers are approximated and sutured separately.
filler graft one used for the filling of defects, as the filling of depressions with fatty tissue or of a bony cyst cavity with bone chips or dried cartilage.
free graft a graft of tissue completely freed from its bed, in contrast to a flap.
full-thickness graft a skin graft consisting of the full thickness of the skin, with little or none of the subcutaneous tissue.
heterodermic graft a skin graft taken from a donor of another species.
heterologous graft (heteroplastic graft) xenograft.
homologous graft a graft of tissue obtained from the body of another animal of the same species but with a genotype differing from that of the recipient; called also allograft and homograft.
inlay graft a skin graft or mucosal graft applied by spreading the graft over a stent and suturing the graft and mold into a prepared pocket.
isogeneic graft (isologous graft) (isoplastic graft) syngraft.
lamellar graft replacement of the superficial layers of an opaque cornea by a thin layer of clear cornea from a donor eye.
mesh graft a type of split-thickness graft in which many tiny splits have been made in the skin to allow it to be stretched to cover a larger area.
Mesh skin graft applied to the leg. From McQuillan et al., 2002.
Ollier-Thiersch graft a very thin skin graft in which long, broad strips of skin, consisting of the epidermis, rete, and part of the corium, are used.
omental graft a segment of omentum and its supplying vasculature, transplanted as a free flap to another area and revascularized by anastomosis of arteries and veins.
pedicle graft pedicle flap.
penetrating graft a full-thickness corneal transplant.
periosteal graft a piece of periosteum to cover a denuded bone.
Phemister graft a bone graft of cortical bone with cancellous bone chips to enhance callus formation.
pinch graft a small piece of skin graft, partial or full thickness, obtained by elevating the skin with a needle and slicing it off with a knife.
porcine graft a split-thickness graft of skin from a pig, applied to a denuded area on a human as a temporary dressing for treatment of a severe burn.
sieve graft a skin graft from which tiny circular islands of skin are removed so that a larger denuded area can be covered, the sievelike portion being placed over one area, and the individual islands over surrounding or other denuded areas.
skin graft a piece of skin transplanted to replace a lost portion of skin; see also skin grafting.
split-skin graft (split-thickness graft) a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and a portion of dermis.
Diagram of a cross-section of the skin, demonstrating split thickness and full thickness skin grafts. From Roberts and Hedges, 1991.
syngeneic graft syngraft.
thick-split graft a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and about two thirds of the dermis.
Thiersch graft Ollier-Thiersch graft.

skin graft

a piece of skin transplanted from one part of the body to another.

skin graft

n.
A surgical graft of healthy skin from one part of the body to another or from one individual to another in order to replace damaged or lost skin.

skin grafting n.

skin graft

Autologous, donated or surrogate skin removed from site A to cover site B that has been denuded by 3rd-degree burns or traumatic tissue loss.

skin graft

Autologous, donated, or surrogate skin removed from one site to cover surfaces on another region with 3rd-degree burns or traumatic tissue loss. See Split-thickness graft. Cf Artificial skin, 'Spray-on' skin.

skin graft

(skin graft)
Piece of skin transplanted from one part of the body to another.

skin graft

The transference of an area of skin from one part of the body to another. A plastic surgical technique used to repair areas of deficient skin. Skin grafts may be split-skin or full-thickness or may have attached blood vessels that are rejoined by microsurgery to vessels at the new location.
References in periodicals archive ?
Aggressive resuscitation and urgent surgical excision of the dead tissues followed by meticulous care of the patient renders the resultant defects manageable with skin grafts and flaps.
Patterns of contraction in human full thickness skin grafts. Br J Plast Surg 2000; 53: 397-402.
Specific teaching also should include postoperative expectations regarding the presence of two scars: site of skin graft application and donor site (Havill, n.d.).
Treatments in patients with chronic wounds usually consist in debridement and skin grafts. An important innovation in chronic wounds management is the use of NPWT over the skin graft.
For fasciotomy wounds, the results of dermatotraction are thought to be superior to conventional methods of closure of fasciotomy wounds, such as split thickness skin grafts. The skin used for closure is sensate, often cosmetically more acceptable and does not result in donor site morbidity.
Effect of full thickness skin grafts and mesh skin grafts on geanulating wounds in dogs- An experimental study.
The resulting defect was covered 24 hours later, with split-thickness skin grafts for the testicles and a circumferential 25x10cm sheet of Integra[TM] (Integra Life Sciences Corporations Plainsboro, New Jersey) for the penile shaft (Figure 2).
A team of investigators from Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) report that skin grafts from pigs lacking the Gal sugar molecule were as effective in covering burn-like injuries on the backs of baboons as skin taken from other baboons, a finding that could double the length of time burns can be protected while healing.
Charles procedure was first described in 1912 with radical resection all affected skin and subcutaneous tissues down to deep fascia with coverage using split-thickness skin grafts harvested from the excised specimen.1
At this first follow-up visit, the silk strips are removed and the skin grafts are examined.
New research found youngsters suffering injuries to their arms, with more than half needing skin grafts following an accident.