skin graft


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Related to skin graft: Skin flap
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graft

 [graft]
1. any tissue or organ for implantation or transplantation.
2. to implant or transplant such tissues. This term is preferred over transplant in the case of skin grafts. See also implant.
allogeneic graft allograft.
autodermic graft (autoepidermic graft) a skin graft taken from the patient's own body.
autologous graft (autoplastic graft) a graft taken from another area of the patient's own body; called also autograft.
avascular graft a graft of tissue in which not even transient vascularization is achieved.
bone graft bone transplanted from one site to another.
bypass graft an autograft consisting of a segment of vein or artery grafted into place in a bypass.
cable graft a nerve graft made up of several sections of nerve in the manner of a cable.
coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) see under bypass.
cutis graft dermal graft.
delayed graft a skin graft that is sutured back into its bed and subsequently used after several days.
dermal graft (dermic graft) a skin graft of dermis, used instead of fascia in various plastic procedures.
epidermic graft a skin graft in which a piece of epidermis is implanted on a raw surface.
fascia graft a graft of fibrous tissue, usually taken from the external investing fascia of the lower limb (fascia lata).
fascicular graft a nerve graft in which bundles of nerve fibers are approximated and sutured separately.
filler graft one used for the filling of defects, as the filling of depressions with fatty tissue or of a bony cyst cavity with bone chips or dried cartilage.
free graft a graft of tissue completely freed from its bed, in contrast to a flap.
full-thickness graft a skin graft consisting of the full thickness of the skin, with little or none of the subcutaneous tissue.
heterodermic graft a skin graft taken from a donor of another species.
heterologous graft (heteroplastic graft) xenograft.
homologous graft a graft of tissue obtained from the body of another animal of the same species but with a genotype differing from that of the recipient; called also allograft and homograft.
inlay graft a skin graft or mucosal graft applied by spreading the graft over a stent and suturing the graft and mold into a prepared pocket.
isogeneic graft (isologous graft) (isoplastic graft) syngraft.
lamellar graft replacement of the superficial layers of an opaque cornea by a thin layer of clear cornea from a donor eye.
mesh graft a type of split-thickness graft in which many tiny splits have been made in the skin to allow it to be stretched to cover a larger area.
Mesh skin graft applied to the leg. From McQuillan et al., 2002.
Ollier-Thiersch graft a very thin skin graft in which long, broad strips of skin, consisting of the epidermis, rete, and part of the corium, are used.
omental graft a segment of omentum and its supplying vasculature, transplanted as a free flap to another area and revascularized by anastomosis of arteries and veins.
pedicle graft pedicle flap.
penetrating graft a full-thickness corneal transplant.
periosteal graft a piece of periosteum to cover a denuded bone.
Phemister graft a bone graft of cortical bone with cancellous bone chips to enhance callus formation.
pinch graft a small piece of skin graft, partial or full thickness, obtained by elevating the skin with a needle and slicing it off with a knife.
porcine graft a split-thickness graft of skin from a pig, applied to a denuded area on a human as a temporary dressing for treatment of a severe burn.
sieve graft a skin graft from which tiny circular islands of skin are removed so that a larger denuded area can be covered, the sievelike portion being placed over one area, and the individual islands over surrounding or other denuded areas.
skin graft a piece of skin transplanted to replace a lost portion of skin; see also skin grafting.
split-skin graft (split-thickness graft) a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and a portion of dermis.
Diagram of a cross-section of the skin, demonstrating split thickness and full thickness skin grafts. From Roberts and Hedges, 1991.
syngeneic graft syngraft.
thick-split graft a skin graft consisting of the epidermis and about two thirds of the dermis.
Thiersch graft Ollier-Thiersch graft.

skin graft

a piece of skin transplanted from one part of the body to another.

skin graft

n.
A surgical graft of healthy skin from one part of the body to another or from one individual to another in order to replace damaged or lost skin.

skin grafting n.

skin graft

Autologous, donated or surrogate skin removed from site A to cover site B that has been denuded by 3rd-degree burns or traumatic tissue loss.

skin graft

Autologous, donated, or surrogate skin removed from one site to cover surfaces on another region with 3rd-degree burns or traumatic tissue loss. See Split-thickness graft. Cf Artificial skin, 'Spray-on' skin.

skin graft

(skin graft)
Piece of skin transplanted from one part of the body to another.

skin graft

The transference of an area of skin from one part of the body to another. A plastic surgical technique used to repair areas of deficient skin. Skin grafts may be split-skin or full-thickness or may have attached blood vessels that are rejoined by microsurgery to vessels at the new location.
References in periodicals archive ?
A full-thickness skin graft, with the growth of new feathers on the dorsal head, was achieved.
Negative-pressure wound dressings to secure split-thickness skin grafts in the perineum.
Vacuum-assisted closure therapy as a pretreatment for split thickness skin grafts. J Coll Physicians Surg Pak 2010; 20:675-9.
The bolus tie-over "pressure" dressing in the management of full thickness skin grafts. Is it necessary?
Can the combined use of Integra[R], skin graft and negative pressure wound therapy be considered a valid therapeutic approach after partial tangential calcanectomy?" International Wound Journal, vol.
Split skin grafts (SSG) were applied onto the wounds distally to the dermal template, where granulation tissue was already developing, and silver-based dressings plus NPWT covered both grafts and DRT.
Lois's leg was still tingling "three days" after the accident and doctors have warned her she might need a skin graft operation.
Effect of full thickness skin grafts and mesh skin grafts on geanulating wounds in dogs- An experimental study.
Once the neodermis is completely integrated into the wound bed, the silicone layer can be peeled off and replaced with an ultra-thin split thickness skin graft. The result is a "new skin" which is bilayered and belongs to the host organism.
The right, and most of the left, donor sites were closed primarily, with the remainder (10 x 4 cm) of the left donor site covered with a full-thickness skin graft harvested from remnants of the ALT flaps, following trimming and insetting.
Doctors initially told her it was not serious, but she ended up having to undergo a skin graft and has been left with a 4ins by 2ins scar on her calf.
Then half of affected skin and subcutaneous tissue was excised deep to fascia level and covered with split-thickness skin graft (Fig.2).