skin flap


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flap

 [flap]
1. a mass of tissue for grafting, usually including skin, only partially removed from one part of the body so that it retains its own blood supply during transfer to another site.
2. an uncontrolled movement.
advancement flap sliding flap.
axial pattern flap a myocutaneous flap containing an artery in its long axis.
free flap an island flap detached from the body and reattached at the distant recipient site by microvascular anastomosis.
island flap a flap consisting of skin and subcutaneous tissue, with a pedicle made up of only the nutrient vessels.
jump flap one cut from the abdomen and attached to a flap of the same size on the forearm. The forearm flap is transferred later to some other part of the body to fill a defect there.
myocutaneous flap a compound flap of skin and muscle with adequate vascularity to permit sufficient tissue to be transferred to the recipient site. See also axial pattern flap and random pattern flap.
pedicle flap a flap consisting of the full thickness of the skin and the subcutaneous tissue, attached by tissue through which it receives its blood supply. Called also pedicle graft.
random pattern flap a myocutaneous flap with a random pattern of arteries, as opposed to an axial pattern flap.
rope flap tube flap.
rotation flap a local pedicle flap whose width is increased by having the edge distal to the defect form a curved line; the flap is then rotated and a counterincision is made at the base of the curved line, which increases the mobility of the flap.
skin flap a full-thickness mass or flap of tissue containing epidermis, dermis, and subcutaneous tissue.
sliding flap a flap carried to its new position by a sliding technique; called also advancement flap.
tube flap (tubed pedicle flap) a bipedicle flap made by elevating a long strip of tissue from its bed except at the two extremities, the cut edges then being sutured together to form a tube.

skin flap

a flap composed of skin with or without its subjacent subcutaneous tissue.

skin flap

A surgically delineated area of full-thickness skin, attached at a broad base and moved to an adjacent position to cover a bare area or make good a deficit in tissue.
References in periodicals archive ?
(1) Because of those limitations, skin flaps, extracellular matrices, and autografts have been used in avian species.
Sinking skin flap syndrome: A case of improved cerebral blood flow after cranioplasty.
In contrast to conventional full abdominoplasty, partial procedures are able to avoid the abundant periumbilical veins.[4] In utilizing two partial abdominal operations, we were able to complete minimal undermining, ensuring stable perfusion from the perforating vessels of the deep inferior epigastric system and intercostal veins in order to avoid skin flap necrosis.
When the atmospheric pressure exceeds the intra cranial pressure, the skin flap presses on the brain tissue resulting in paradoxical herniation.
A skin flap was used with a penetrator from the lateral femoral circumflex artery from the tensor fascia latae muscle and fixed to the rectus abdominis muscle and abdominal external oblique muscle through a subcutaneous tunnel in order to reconstruct the abdominal wall.
Results from this study will provide a basis for comparison for ongoing research involving ischemic skin flap healing in diabetic rats and ischemic rat skin flaps treated with pharmacological agents.
Reconstruction of the cupid's bow in particular has been achieved by rhombic transposition flaps as described by Bickle and Bennett or a modified mucosal advancement flap designed by Mellette and Mellette, or a 2 vermilion advancement flaps and a rotational hemiphiltrum skin flap described by Valentiet al.
Patients underwent repair using Orandi or circularfacio-cutaneous penile skin flap depending upon the size and site of stricture.
Ischaemic preconditioning (IP) of skin flap describes a phenomenon where tolerance to ischaemia is induced through provision of a short-term, ischaemia-reperfusion cycle before the actual, longer period of ischaemia, as a result of surgical procedure.
The skin flap was advanced posteriorly, and the advanced skin was sutured into this new position with 4-0 PDS deep sutures to the platysma auricular fascia (PAF) to take any tension off the neotragus upon closure.
In addition, recent studies have shown that BoTA increases skin flap survival via various mechanisms [15-19].