According to Horner (1997), the situational theory represents a type of leadership which depends on the factors of leader, follower and work situation.
However, there are shortcomings to the situational theory as it does not explain the concept itself and is unable to state whether a worker is required to change his behaviour as the leader does to suit the changing work situation.
There are a number of theories (among these are: major human theory, the theory of specific driver characteristics, driving styles theory, situational theory
A situational theory of publics: Conceptual history, recent challenges and new research.
Problem solving and communicative action: A situational theory of problem solving.
Moreover, according to situational theory of publics, publics arise when individuals face a similar problem, recognize the problem, and organize to resolve the problem (Grunig, 1983).
The situational theory of publics in a different cultural Setting: The case of Singapore.
He addresses classic and contemporary conflict theory and conflict resolution, situational theory
, the theory and methods of small groups, the urban middleman, and post-modern theories on evil in light of 9/11, he confronts the media in their interpretation, and he takes on the ways in which technology and people are and are not affected by what sociology can teach about business, politics, and social issues.
Some of the more significant theorists and their models include: House's (1971) path-goal theory, Yukl's (1971) multiple-linkage model, Vroom and Yetton's (1973) decision-making theory, Hersey and Blanchard's (1977) situational theory
, and Kerr and Jermier's (1978) leader substitutes theory.