simple phobia


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Related to simple phobia: social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder

phobia

 [fo´be-ah]
a persistent, irrational, intense fear of a specific object, activity, or situation (the phobic stimulus), fear that is recognized as being excessive or unreasonable by the individual himself. When a phobia is a significant source of distress or interferes with social functioning, it is considered a mental disorder (sometimes called a phobic disorder). Some typical phobias are: acrophobia (fear of heights), astraphobia (fear of lightning), cenotophobia (fear of new things or new ideas), claustrophobia (fear of closed places), hemophobia (fear of blood), and xenophobia (dread of strangers). Phobias are subclassified as agoraphobia, social phobias, and specific phobias. See also anxiety disorders. adj., adj pho´bic.
simple phobia specific phobia.
social phobia an anxiety disorder characterized by fear and avoidance of social or performance situations in which the individual fears possible embarrassment and humiliation, for example, fear of speaking, performing, or eating in public.
specific phobia an anxiety disorder characterized by persistent and excessive or unreasonable fear of a circumscribed, well-defined object or situation, in contrast to fear of being alone or of public places (agoraphobia) or fear of embarrassment in social situations (social phobia). Common specific phobias involve fear of animals, particularly dogs, snakes, insects, and mice; fear of closed spaces (claustrophobia); and fear of heights (acrophobia).

specific phobia

1. a persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to the object or situation or in anticipation of them, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and which interferes significantly with the person's functioning;
2. a DSM diagnosis that is established when the specified criteria are met.
Synonym(s): simple phobia

simple phobia

Specific phobia Psychiatry A phobia characterized by persistent irrational fears of a specific object, activity, or situation Examples Acrophobia, arachnophobia, agoraphobia, brontophobia, claustrophobia, emetophobia. See Phobia.

spe·cif·ic pho·bi·a

(spĕ-sif'ik fō'bē-ă)
A persistent pattern of significant fear of specific objects or situations, manifesting in anxiety or panic on exposure to the object or situation or in anticipation of them, which the person realizes is unreasonable or excessive and which interferes significantly with the person's functioning.
Synonym(s): simple phobia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Considering the NSSI among the groups, there were 16 outpatients (16 out of 42) in the social phobia group, 7 outpatients (7 out of 29) in the agoraphobia group, 14 outpatients (14 out of 40) in the simple phobia group, and 6 healthy controls (6 out of 52) in the control group, who responded as "yes" to the screening questions in the first part of the ISAS, indicating the NSSI.
Table 5 presents the correlation between the anxiety sensitivity and the NSSI characteristics of the agoraphobia and simple phobia groups.
The present study aimed to investigate the characteristics of impulsivity, anxiety sensitivity, and the NSSI of outpatients with social phobia, agoraphobia or a simple phobia, and to compare these characteristics within groups and healthy controls through self-reported scales.
Previous studies in the literature have reported that simple phobia is a common emerging fear in early childhood, social fears in adolescence, and agoraphobia in early adulthood (22-24).
The LOD score was only 2 in a broader anxiety disorder sample of 62 Icelandic families with diagnoses including panic disorder, agoraphobia, simple phobia, social phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and somatoform pain, which was highly comorbid with anxiety in the sample (Am.
They also found potential linkages at chromosome 1 for panic disorder alone, chromosome 3 for agoraphobia, chromosome 11 for panic disorder and habitual smoking, and chromosome 16 for both social phobia and simple phobia.
A significant linkage was found at chromosome 14 for simple phobia, and possible linkages for social phobia, panic disorder, and agoraphobia.
Simple phobias severe enough to require treatment can usually be eliminated or controlled through gradual exposure or other talk therapies.