systematic therapeutic stroking or kneading of the body.
cardiac massage intermittent compression of the heart by pressure applied either over the sternum (closed cardiac massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open cardiac massage).
in the nursing interventions classification
, a nursing intervention
defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues with varying degrees of hand pressure to decrease pain, produce relaxation, and/or improve circulation.
vibratory massage massage by rapidly repeated light percussion with a vibrating hammer or sound.
A method of manipulation of the body or part of the body by rubbing, pinching, kneading, or tapping.
[Fr. from G. massō, to knead]
massage /mas·sage/ (mah-sahzh´) [Fr.] systematic therapeutic friction, stroking, or kneading of the body.
cardiac massage intermittent compression of the heart by pressure applied over the sternum (closed cardiac m.) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open cardiac m.); done to reinstate and maintain circulation.
carotid sinus massage firm rotatory pressure applied to one side of the neck over the carotid sinus, causing vagal stimulation and used to slow or terminate tachycardia.
electrovibratory massage , vibratory massage that performed with an electric vibrator.
massage (mə-säzh′, -säj′)
1. The rubbing or kneading of parts of the body especially to aid circulation, relax the muscles, or provide sensual stimulation.
2. An act or instance of such rubbing or kneading.
1. To give a massage to.
2. To treat by means of a massage.
Etymology: Fr, masser, to stroke
the manipulation of the soft tissue of the body through stroking, rubbing, kneading, or tapping, to increase circulation, to improve muscle tone, and to relax the patient. The procedure is performed either with the bare hands or through some mechanical means, such as a vibrator. The most common sites for massage are the back, knees, elbows, and heels. Care is taken not to massage inflamed areas, particularly of the extremities, because of the danger of loosening blood clots. Open wounds and areas of rash, tumor, or excessive sensitivity are avoided. Even if the extremities (legs) are not inflamed, they should not be massaged if the client has been immobilized for an extended period of time. The procedure is performed with the patient prone or on the side, comfortably positioned, with an emollient lotion or cream applied to the area to be massaged. The caregiver's hands are warm, and excessive pressure is avoided to prevent pain or injury. Kinds of massage are cardiac massage, effleurage, flagellation, friction, frôlement, pétrissage, tapotement,
Back massage pattern
a nursing intervention from the Nursing Interventions Classification (NIC) defined as stimulation of the skin and underlying tissues with varying degrees of hand pressure to decrease pain, produce relaxation, and/or improve circulation. See also Nursing Interventions Classification
A method of manipulation of the body by rubbing, pinching, kneading, or tapping.
[Fr. from G. massō, to knead]
massage Stimulation of skin and muscle by rubbing, kneading, stroking, pummelling or hand-hammering with therapeutic intent. Massage has little physical effect but the psychological and symbolic effect of human touch can be deeply soothing and can relieve symptoms, especially those of undue muscle tension.
massage the use of several soft tissue manipulations (kneading, stroking, rubbing, tapping, etc.) at different depths, rates and strengths. Massage is used in sport to break down adhesions (deep friction), reduce swelling and oedema, and relax muscles. While massage will aid relaxation and reduce muscle stiffness, there is little scientific evidence of any reduction in injury rates.
the application of diverse manual techniques of touch and stroking to muscles and soft tissue to achieve relaxation and to improve the client's well-being. See also bodywork
and massage therapy.
Massage.Benefits of massage.
Lowers blood pressure
Stimulates lymphatic drainage
Time for oneself
massage chair (m·säjˑ·cherˑ)
portable, padded chair designed to fully support the relaxed weight of the massage client.
massage table (m·säjˑ·tāˑ·bl)
padded table designed specifically for massage in a recumbent position.
n.pr gentle tissue work that provides tension relief, evens body tone, and integrates structural change.
massage, Bindgeweb (bīnˈ·dj·webˈ·m·säzhˑ)
n a style of massage applied to the connective tissue system in the body according to the areas of tenderness that correspond to certain acupuncture points. Treatment is given with the middle finger in a series of strokes without a lubricant.
massage, classical Western
n method of therapeutic friction, kneading and stroking of the body derived from European anatomic and physiologic concepts.
massage, connective tissue
n a diagnostic and therapeutic treatment that involves stroking and pulling deep connective tissues to release the existing tension and return them to a natural alignment. May be uncomfortable and produce vasodilatation and sweating.
n a style of massage that uses strong pressure; slow, deep strokes; and friction across the muscle grain to release chronic muscle tension.
n technique in which vibrations are applied to the body through electrical means.
massage, intercompetition (inˈ·ter·kämˈ·p·tiˑ·shn m·säzhˑ)
n sports massage given at an athletic event.
n a style of massage used to relieve pain, stimulate circulation, and loosen trigger points. This form of massage focuses on individual muscles rather than muscle groups and uses deep pressure.
n a therapeutic approach to injury and pathology treatment of the locomotor system; uses multiple techniques.
n massage designed to address the needs of an uninjured athlete directly after a competition or a vigorous workout. The focus is on minimizing fatigue or soreness and cleansing tissues to shorten recuperation time.
n mas-sage used specifically to speed re-covery after surgery or in cases of injury.
n massage designed to help recovery from mild to moderate injuries.
n a style of massage that works specifically on problems resulting from athletic performance, training, and injury. This form of massage uses techniques similar to those of Swedish and deep-tissue massages. See also massage, deep-tissue and massage, Swedish.
n systematic soft tissue manipulation applied directly to the skin via effleurage, petrissage, friction, tapotement, and vibration. Developed by Swedish physiologist and gymnast Per Henrik Ling (1776–1839).
massage, Swiss reflex
n conceived by Shirley Price in 1987 and based upon the principles of reflexogy, according to which energy flow lines in the body connect at certain reflex points. Essential oils are blended with a bland cream that the therapist massages into the reflex points of the body. Method involves at-home patient preparation as well as ongo-ing client-therapist dialogue during treatments. Therapists must be accredited.
n a structured form of massage used to enhance one organ system, usually the circulatory or lymphatic system.
n.pr a style of bodywork that incorporates aspects of Ayurveda, Chinese medicine, and Thai Buddhist meditation. Its form is similar to like facilitated yoga because of its emphasis on opening and stretching the body. It uses acupuncture meridians to move energy, and its slow pace is conducive to of contemplative states of consciousness. Also called
noad bo-rom, Thai yoga-massage, Thailand medical massage, or
traditional Thai massage.
n/v the manipulation of tissues for remedial or hygiene purposes (as by rubbing, stroking, kneading, or tapping) with the hand or other instrument or device.
n a systematic, rhythmic application of pressure to the heart to cause significant blood flow in the treatment of a cardiac arrest; may be an open- or closed-chest procedure.
n the massage of the gingival tissues.
systematic therapeutic stroking or kneading of the body or part.
massage therapy based on the Chinese meridian theory in which pressure is applied to acupuncture points to keep energy channels open.
intermittent compression of the heart by pressure applied through the chest wall (closed cardiac massage) or directly to the heart through an opening in the chest wall (open cardiac massage). See also cardiac massage.
uses ice to massage to skin. Vasoconstriction and delayed nerve conduction in deep tissues raises the pain threshold.
applied across the direction of underlying fibers to promote blood flow and prevent adhesions.
of the seminal vesicles in bulls or the penis in male dogs for the purpose of collecting semen, of the clitoris in cows and goat does for the collection of urine.
a technique of physical therapy in which hands and body are used to massage soft tissues. Its objective is to improve circulation and muscle function, release scar tissue and produce relaxation.
massage techniques are centered on areas of maximal tenderness in muscle tissue, detectable as taut bands. Called also myotherapy.
massage by rapidly repeated light percussion with a vibrating hammer or sound.
Patient discussion about massage
Q. Does massage help............ Does massage help people with chronic pain, too?
A. There are many pains and they need different cures. Acupressure (and acupuncture), massage, music therapy, aroma therapy, and so on. This is not black magic, you can try it and maybe one of these cures help you. Acupressure help me always to disappear my headache. There are invisible lines and points on our body and if you massage them then the sensation will change (that is the pain will vanish).
Q. Can massage really help her? My cousin sister who is with fibromyalgia also feels some pain. Can massage really help her?
A. Not only the person with fibromyalgia but anyone can benefit from the massage. If you're a newbie and have not had much bodywork, start slowly. Having someone stroke your "sore" spots may feel a bit "ouchy," but that type of touch therapy may be quite beneficial in the long run. Have your therapist go as slowly as you need. You can build up to deeper applications by spreading out your experience over many appointments. Special note: Whether you're the patient or the caregiver of a chronically ill person, life's stress can increase to unbearable limits and can cause great mind/body/spirit imbalances. By relaxing your mind and body, massage helps to raise your health and vitality closer to a state of wellness. Perhaps, you will feel better than you could possibly imagine. Start gradually, book weekly, bi-weekly or monthly appointments. Consider keeping a record of your progress. Few doctors would advise you not to try massage therapy, but to be safe, it's a good idea
Q. I like to know the types of massages.. I like to know the types of massages for the people who suffer from fibromyalgia or with chronic illness.
A. Types of Massage, especially for people with Fibromyalgia and/or those who suffer with chronic illness: ‘Myofascial release’: Many times "regular" massage therapists can perform elementary myofascial release holds and moves, but the more specifically trained professionals in myofascial release therapy have received extended education and use stylized techniques and tools. They apply the type, degree and specific techniques that are best suited for each person's need. Myofascial Release therapy can be effective particularly for individuals with trigger or tender points and for those whose muscles tend to be knotty. ‘Swedish massage ‘: Any massage therapist should be able to do this kind of work. This technique is gentle, but done with enough applied pressure to comfortably work on sore spots.More discussions about massage