Bionomics of Anopheles latens in Kapit, Sarawak, Malaysian Borneo in relation to the transmission of zoonotic simian malaria
parasite Plasmodium knowlesi.
24) which was reported as vector of simian malaria
from foot hills of Nilgiris.
Although more than 20 species of Plasmodium can infect nonhuman primates, until recently, naturally acquired human infections of simian malaria
were viewed as rare events lacking public health significance.
Therefore, we sought to determine the prevalence of this simian malaria
in malaria-endemic regions of Thailand.
No studies in humans (3) and monkeys in Cambodia have identified the simian malaria
The simian malaria
parasite Plasmodium knowlesi is increasingly recognized as a frequent cause of potentially fatal human malaria in adults in Malaysian Borneo (1-4).
knowlesi, a simian malaria
species, became the fifth human-infecting species (70), highlighting the possibility of transmission of new Plasmodium spp.
Cross-reactivity in rapid diagnostic tests between human malaria and zoonotic simian malaria
parasite Plasmodium knowlesi infections.
Extensive investigation at this time failed to demonstrate zoonotic transmission of simian malaria
However, simian malaria
parasites can infect humans (1); for example, P.
Five human cases of infection with the simian malaria
parasite Plasmodium knowlesi from Palawan, the Philippines, were confirmed by nested PCR.
The occurrence of simian malaria
in human has signified the roles of wild primate populations in disease transmission in some malaria-endemic areas.