silo-filler's lung

si·lo-·fil·ler's lung

pulmonary edema, usually delayed for 1-4 hours, occurring in someone exposed to silage, probably due to nitrogen dioxide; can progress to bronchiolitis obliterans.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

silo-filler disease

A toxic gas-induced pneumonitis and bronchiolitis caused by inhalation of nitrogen oxides in freshly filled grain silos, often coupled with asphyxia.
 
Clinical findings
Cough, light headedness, dyspnoea, cyanosis, haemoptysis, choking.

Clinical forms
• Collapse and sudden death;
• Acute alveolar damage with pulmonary oedema;
• Early, reversible bronchiolitis obliterans; and
• Late, irreversible bronchiolitis obliterans.
 
DiffDx
Mycotoxicosis, an allergic reaction.
 
Management
High-dose corticosteroids may prevent the bronchiolitis obliterans common in the heavily exposed survivors.
 
Pathogenesis
Once grains are stored, plant nitrates are fermented by microbes to NO2 and N2O4, peaking 1–5 days after storage; NO2 reaches terminal airways, forming highly irritating nitrous and nitric acids, causing a chemical pneumonitis and massive pulmonary oedema.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.

si·lo-fil·ler's lung

(sī'lō-fil'ĕrz lŭng)
Pulmonary edema usually delayed for 1-4 hours, occurring in a person exposed to silage; probably produced by nitrogen dioxide; can progress to bronchiolitis obliterans.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012