signal node


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node

 [nōd]
a small mass of tissue in the form of a swelling, knot, or protuberance, either normal or pathological. adj., adj no´dal.
node of Aschoff and Tawara atrioventricular node.
atrioventricular node (AV node) a collection of cardiac fibers at the base of the interatrial septum that transmits the cardiac impulse initiated by the sinoatrial node.
Bouchard's n's cartilaginous and bony enlargements of the proximal interphalangeal joints of the fingers in degenerative joint disease; such nodes on the distal joints are called Heberden's nodes.
Delphian node a lymph node encased in the fascia in the midline just above the thyroid isthmus, so called because it is exposed first at operation and, if diseased, is indicative of disease of the thyroid gland.
Flack's node sinoatrial node.
Heberden's n's nodular protrusions on the phalanges at the distal interphalangeal joints of the fingers in osteoarthritis. Similar nodes on the proximal joints are called bouchard's nodes.
Comparison of Heberden's nodes (seen in patients with osteoarthritis) with Bouchard's nodes (seen in patients with rheumatoid arthritis). From Copstead and Banasik, 2000.
hemal n's nodes with a rich content of erythrocytes within sinuses, found near large blood vessels along the ventral side of the vertebrae and near the spleen and kidneys in various mammals, especially ruminants, having functions probably like those of the spleen; their presence in humans is doubtful.
Keith's node (Keith-Flack node) sinoatrial node.
Legendre's n's Bouchard's nodes.
lymph node see lymph node.
Osler's n's small, raised, swollen, tender areas, bluish or sometimes pink or red, due to inflammation around the site of lodgement of small infected emboli in distal arterioles; they occur commonly in the pads of the fingers or toes, in the palms, or in the soles and are practically pathognomonic for subacute bacterial endocarditis.
Parrot's n's bony nodes on the outer table of the skull of infants with congenital syphilis.
n's of Ranvier constrictions of myelinated nerve fibers at regular intervals at which the myelin sheath is absent and the axon is enclosed only by Schwann cell processes.
Schmorl's node an irregular or hemispherical bone defect in the upper or lower margin of the body of a vertebra into which the nucleus pulposus of the intervertebral disk herniates.
sentinel node
1. the first lymph node to receive drainage from a tumor; used to determine whether there is lymphatic metastasis in certain types of cancer. If this node is negative for malignancy, others “upstream” from it are usually also negative.
signal node an enlarged supraclavicular lymph node; often the first sign of a malignant abdominal tumor.
singer's n's vocal cord nodules.
sinoatrial node a collection of atypical muscle fibers in the wall of the right atrium where the rhythm of cardiac contraction is usually established; therefore also referred to as the pacemaker of the heart. Called also SA node.
syphilitic node a swelling on a bone due to syphilitic periostitis.
node of Tawara atrioventricular node.
teacher's n's vocal cord nodules.
Troisier's node (Virchow's node) sentinel node.

signal lymph node

a firm supraclavicular lymph node, especially on the left side, sufficiently enlarged that it is palpable from the cutaneous surface; such a lymph node is so termed because it may be the first recognized presumptive evidence of a malignant neoplasm in one of the viscera. A signal lymph node that is known to contain a metastasis from a malignant neoplasm is sometimes designated by an old eponym, Troisier ganglion.
See also: sentinel lymph node.

signal node

sig·nal lymph node

, signal node (sig'năl limf nōd)
A firm supraclavicular lymph node, especially on the left side, sufficiently enlarged that it is palpable from the cutaneous surface; such a lymph node is so termed because it may be the first recognized presumptive evidence of a malignant neoplasm in one of the viscera. A signal lymph node that is known to contain a metastasis from a malignant neoplasm is sometimes designated by an old eponym, Troisier ganglion.
See also: sentinel lymph node
Synonym(s): jugular gland, Virchow node.

Virchow,

Rudolf, German pathologist and politician, 1821-1902.
Virchow angle - an angle formed by the meeting of a line drawn from the middle of the nasofrontal suture to the base of the anterior nasal spine, with a line drawn from this last point to the center of the external auditory meatus. Synonym(s): Virchow-Holder angle
Virchow cells - (1) the lacunae in osseous tissue containing the bone cells; also the bone cells themselves; - (2) connective tissue cells between the laminae of fibrous tissue in the cornea. Synonym(s): corneal corpuscles; Virchow corpuscles
Virchow corpuscles - Synonym(s): Virchow cells (2)
Virchow crystals - yellow-brown, amber, or burnt orange crystals of hematoidin, frequently observed in extravasated blood in tissues.
Virchow disease - acute congenital encephalitis, a condition in which the head is abnormally large. Synonym(s): megacephaly
Virchow law - there is no special or distinctive neoplastic cell inasmuch as the component cells of neoplasms originate from preexisting forms.
Virchow node - a firm, palpable supraclavicular lymph node that may be the first recognized presumptive evidence of a malignant neoplasm in one of the viscera. Synonym(s): signal node
Virchow psammoma - a firm, cellular neoplasm derived from fibrous tissue of the meninges, choroid plexus, and certain other brain structures. Synonym(s): psammomatous meningioma
Virchow triad - factors predisposing vascular thrombosis.
Virchow-Hassall bodies - Synonym(s): Hassall bodies
Virchow-Holder angle - Synonym(s): Virchow angle
Virchow-Robin space - a tunnel-like extension of the subarachnoid space surrounding blood vessels that pass into the brain or spinal cord from the subarachnoid space. Synonym(s): His perivascular space