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Related to sieve tube: sieve plate
sieve tubea series of long cells (sieve cells) lying end to end forming a tube, found in the PHLOEM of ANGIOSPERMS. Each sieve cell loses its nucleus when mature, but maintains the cytoplasm, which is continuous from one cell to another and crosses the cell boundaries via perforations in the wall called sieve plates. Associated with the sieve tube are modified PARENCHYMA cells each with a cytoplasm, nucleus and many MITOCHONDRIA, called companion cells. It is considered that the companion cells may regulate TRANSLOCATION of materials within sieve tubes since there are cytoplasmic connections between the sieve cells, and the companion cells and the sieve cells are anucleate.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005