sick role


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role

 [rōl]
a pattern of behavior developed in response to the demands or expectations of others; the pattern of responses to the persons with whom an individual interacts in a particular situation.
caregiver role the functions performed by a caregiver; see also under fatigue and strain.
gender role the public expression of gender; the image projected by a person that identifies their maleness or femaleness, which need not correspond to their gender identity.
impaired role the role played by a person who is disabled or chronically ill and who is experiencing a state of wellness and realization of potential commensurate with the condition. Unlike the sick person, the impaired person cannot be expected to “want to get well” but is expected to resume as much normal behavior as is possible.
sick role the role played by a person who has defined himself or herself as ill, with or without validation of the role by health care providers or family members. Adoption of the sick role changes the behavioral expectations of others toward sick persons. They are exempted from normal social responsibilities and not held responsible for the condition; they are obliged to “want to get well” and to seek competent medical help. The sick role also involves behavioral changes, including increased attention to the body and bodily functions, regression (increase in dependent behavior), narrowing of interests, and emotional overreactions.

sick role

in medical sociology, the familially or culturally accepted behavior pattern or role that one is permitted to exhibit during illness or disability, including sanctioned absence from school or work and a submissive, dependent relationship to family, health care personnel, and significant others.

sick role

Etymology: AS, seoc + Fr, stage character
a behavior pattern in which a person adopts the symptoms of a physical or mental disorder to be cared for, sympathized with, and protected from the demands and stresses of life.

sick role

A functional role adopted by those who are sick, and for which their peers and society accept their sanctioned deviance from their usual (healthy) role(s).

The sociologist Talcott Parsons saw those in a sick role mode as having two rights:
(1) They are exempt from their usual social roles,
(2) They are not responsible for their sickness;
and two obligations:
(1) They should try to get better; and, if unable,
(2) Seek medical care and follow the doctors’ advice.

sick role

(sik rōl)
The familially or culturally accepted behavior pattern that one is permitted to exhibit during illness or disability, including sanctioned absence from school or work and a submissive, dependent relationship with family, health care personnel, and others.

sick role,

n an unconscious adoption of characteristic attitudes and behaviors by a sick individual. As a result, he or she is temporarily granted certain advantages and privileges and is relieved from particular responsibilities.

sick role

(sik rōl)
In medical sociology, familially or culturally accepted behavior pattern or role that one is permitted to exhibit during illness or disability, including sanctioned absence from school or work and a submissive, dependent relationship to family, health care personnel, and significant others.
References in periodicals archive ?
The motivation for the perpetrator's behavior is to assume the sick role by proxy.
Indeed, we believe that the sick role may simply be one of many roles that can be taken on illegitimately to serve psychological needs, a suggestion buttressed by Turner's (2) recent reformulation of the DSM-IV criteria for FD.
The authors explanation of the sick role attribution (as measured by family members agreement with six statements such as "my relative didn't try hard enough to get better") was reversed and should have indicated "disagreement" rather that "agreement" with the six statements would "signify acceptance of the sick role.