Conventional x-ray sialography
used for investigating the ductal system of major salivary gland needs cannulation of the duct for installation of the contrast material and exposure to radiation.
Kominek, "Sialoendoscopy, sialography
, and ultrasound: a comparison of diagnostic methods," Open Medicine, vol.
Recent advances in diagnostic imaging for sialolithiasis include Magnetic resonance sialography9 and more recently Cone beam CT has been combined with sialography
for greater accuracy.10 Sialoendoscopy is another diagnostic modality that has emerged as the most important tool for sialolithiasis.
The criteria referred to the symptoms in the oral cavity and eyes, Schirmer's test, histopathology of small salivary glands, involvement of salivary glands (saliva flow, sialography
, scintigraphy) and the presence of anti-Ro (SS-A) or/and anti-La (SS-B) autoantibodies.
(1), (2) MR sialography
can now be used to replace conventional sialography
in diagnosing and staging parotid gland involvement in this condition.
A recent study74 reported that submandibular gland sonography had similar diagnostic ability for Sjogren's syndrome as invasive sialography
. Ultrasound findings that non-invasively confirm a diagnosis of giant cell arteritis (GCA) were first described by Schmidt and associates more than a decade ago,75 and many groups since have studied this approach.
was performed using Iopromide (ultravist-300) as a contrast media for both right and left parotid gland after the clinical symptoms subsided.
The proper knowledge of the normal topographic anatomy and variations of the Stensen's duct is highly relevant to clinical procedures including the analysis of radiographic images (Samanta et al., 2007) and computerized tomographic scans used in sialography
(Bahadir et al., 2004), as well as for duct endoscopy, lithotripsy and trans-ductal facial nerve stimulation in the early stage of facial palsy (Thibault et al., 1993; Zenk et al.; Moore & Dalley).
--Diagnostic Tests: Physical examination, fine needle aspiration, and sialography
is an x-ray of the salivary-duct system.
to locate salivary stones historically was done with lateral mandible films as well, but has been largely replaced with computed tomography (CT) studies.
Radiographic services excluded cephalometric and sialography