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1. an enzyme of the hydrolase class that catalyzes the cleavage of glucosidic linkages between a sialic acid residue and a hexose or hexosamine residue at the nonreducing terminal of oligosaccharides in glycoproteins, glycolipids, and proteoglycans. Deficiency of it is an autosomal recessive trait and is seen in sialidosis and galactosialidosis.
An enzyme that catalyzes the hydrolysis of terminal acetylneuraminic residues from oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, or glycolipids; present on the surface antigen in myxoviruses; used in histochemistry to selectively remove sialomucins, as from bronchial mucous glands and the small intestine; a deficiency of this enzyme produces sialidosis.
An enzyme that cleaves terminal acylneuraminic residues from 2,3-, 2,6-, and 2,8-linkages in oligosaccharides, glycoproteins, or glycolipids; present as a surface antigen in myxoviruses. Used in histochemistry to selectively remove sialomucins, as from bronchial mucous glands and the small intestine. A deficiency of this enzyme will result in cherry-red-spot myoclonus syndrome (q.v.).