Pain arising from structures around the shoulder complex
are often felt in a wider area, for example the neck, upper arm or upper trunk  and thus may be undetected with such a 'self-perceived' definition.
This, in turn, may increase the total forces on the joints at the shoulder complex
Players with history of shoulder pain or injury, neck pain, surgery or deformity near shoulder complex
The most common injury of the shoulder complex
found in rugby players is injury to the gleno-humeral labrum (soft cartilage) or rotator cuff tendons.
This is because the mechanism of a tackle can lead to the abducted arm of the tackling player being forcibly extended behind the player exerting leverage on the glenohumeral joint resulting in an injury to the shoulder complex
Motion of the shoulder complex
during multiplanar humeral elevation.
The challenge when assessing and treating shoulder pain is working out which structure(s) within the shoulder complex
is responsible for the pain.
if normal scapular movements are disrupted by abnormal scapular muscle firing patterns, weakness, fatigue or injury, the shoulder complex
functions less efficiently and injury risk increases.
The shoulder complex
comprises the glenohumeral, acromiaclavicular, sternoclavicular, scapulothoracic joints and the subacromial space.
13,14] Other main aims of physiotherapy are to reduce pain and disability by improving the biomechanics and movement patterns of the shoulder complex
A Master Clinicians Approach to Advanced Concepts in Examination and Treatment of the Shoulder Complex
Murray's research interests focus on shoulder injury and his proposed thesis work will investigate the predictive value of glenohumeral internal rotation deficit (GIRD) in shoulder complex
pain and dysfunction.