short-term memory


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Related to short-term memory: long-term memory

memory

 [mem´o-re]
the mental faculty that enables one to retain and recall previously experienced sensations, impressions, information, and ideas. The ability of the brain to retain and to use knowledge gained from past experience is essential to the process of learning. Although the exact way in which the brain remembers is not completely understood, it is believed that a portion of the temporal lobe of the brain, lying in part under the temples, acts as a kind of memory center, drawing on memories stored in other parts of the brain.
impaired memory a nursing diagnosis accepted by the North American Nursing Diagnosis Association, defined as inability to remember bits of information or behavioral skills.
immunologic memory the capacity of the immune system to respond more rapidly and strongly to a subsequent antigenic challenge than to the first exposure. See also memory cells and immune response.
long-term memory the aspect of memory in which knowledge is stored permanently, to be activated when cued; it is theoretically unlimited in capacity.
recent memory the ability to recall events from the immediate past.
remote memory the ability to recall events from the distant past.
screen memory a consciously tolerable memory serving to conceal or “screen” another memory that might be disturbing or emotionally painful if recalled.
short-term memory what one is conscious of at a given moment; in contrast to long-term memory it is of limited capacity (about seven items) and will be lost unless rehearsed and related to information in long-term memory.

short-term mem·o·ry (STM),

that phase of the memory process in which stimuli that have been recognized and registered are stored briefly; decay occurs rapidly, sometimes within seconds, but may be held indefinitely by using rehearsal as a holding process by which to recycle material over and over through STM.
Synonym(s): temporary memory

short-term memory

The capacity to recognise, recall and regurgitate small amounts of information (the 7 ±2 rule) shortly after its occurrence, which is divided into subsystems for verbal and visual information.

short-term mem·o·ry

(STM) (shōrt-tĕrm memŏr-ē)
That phase of the memory process in which stimuli that have been recognized and registered are stored briefly; decay occurs rapidly, typically within seconds, but may be held indefinitely by using rehearsal as a holding process by which to recycle material over and over through STM.

short-term memory

the recollection of some aspect of behaviour, which lasts only for seconds, or at the most minutes, after the occurrence of the behaviour.

short-term mem·o·ry

(STM) (shōrt-tĕrm memŏr-ē)
Phase of memory process in which stimuli that have been recognized and registered are stored briefly; decay occurs rapidly, sometimes within seconds.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of course, the increase in short-term memory in all groups is due to the age factor, however, the indicators are different.
Based on these theoretical considerations concerning long-term memory and short-term memory, two hypotheses were formulated.
"We can think about them because they're in our short-term memory; that's what it's for.
On the second and third sessions, the Digit-span Task was administered at the end of the class in order to observe the immediate effects of meditation on short-term memory.
Every loan officer must have a short-term memory about how the role had primarily focused on generating business.
(3) Neuropsychological studies have identified impaired short-term memory processing (4) executive functioning (5), deficit in sustained attention, (6) impairment on tests of cognitive set shifting, spatial working memory, visual memory and psychomotor speed (5), deficit in energy during both initial perceptual processing and organization and execution of psychomotor tasks in depression.
The more in-sync such electrical signals of neurons were in two key hubs of the circuit, the more those cells held the short-term memory of a just-seen object.
Nasrallah failed to mention radical short-term memory loss as a side effect of ketamine in his June editorial ("Innovative approaches to treatment-resistant depression," From the Editor, CURRENT PSYCHIATRY, June 2012, p.
When Whyte, of Port Seton, East Lothian, was arrested at his mum's address in breach of a bail condition, he claimed the assault had left him with no short-term memory.
Key Words: Short-term memory; Positional models; Dementia patients; Correct Recall
Cristina Malcolm, of Durham, who has acute short-term memory loss, was last year given a Sense-Cam by Leeds University experts with the aim of unlocking memories that last just minutes.
Short-term memory loss, or never let a few facts get in the way of a good story, seems part of the current climate of anxiety, at least among our media and social commentators.

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