short-chain fatty acids

short-chain fatty acids (SCFA)

those fatty acids having a chain length up to roughly 6 carbon atoms long. They are produced by bacterial anaerobic fermentation, particularly of dietary carbohydrates, in the large intestine. They are readily absorbed and are metabolized in the liver and muscle tissues, producing energy.
References in periodicals archive ?
The shortage of short-chain fatty acids leads to the type 2 diabetes and other diseases.
In the gut, many bacteria break down carbohydrates, such as dietary fibers, and produce short-chain fatty acids that nourish our gut lining cells, reduce inflammation and help control appetite.
Research findings showed that a diversified high fibre diet can promote 15 strains of gut bacteria that produce short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which provide energy to gut cells, reduce inflammation and help regulate hunger.
That waste - in the form of short-chain fatty acids - is absorbed by intestinal cells, which use it as fuel.
The new study, published in the European Journal of Nutrition, shows that black tea polyphenols, which are too large to be absorbed in the small intestine, stimulate the growth of gut bacterium and the formation of short-chain fatty acids, a type of bacterial metabolites that has been shown to alter the energy metabolism in the liver.
Removal of cholesterol from milk by [beta]CD does not have any effect on the concentration of short-chain fatty acids.
This article will review the gut-brain axis via the vagus nerve and microbial metabolic products including endotoxin and short-chain fatty acids, hormones, neuropeptides, and adipokines.
Fermented dairy products contain an arm-long list of potentially beneficial nutrients, including protein, calcium, short-chain fatty acids, bioactive peptides, and phospholipids.
Eating fiber-rich foods also promotes the growth of bacteria that break down plant starches and fibers into short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which may protect against inflammation and cancer.
Butyrate and other short-chain fatty acids as modulators of immunity: what relevance for health?
Previous studies had shown that gut bacteria can make acetate and other short-chain fatty acids (some of which have been linked to good health).